Body conditioning, injuries, and preventing injury

CarolineW
Mind Map by CarolineW, updated more than 1 year ago
CarolineW
Created by CarolineW almost 5 years ago
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GCSE PE Mind Map on Body conditioning, injuries, and preventing injury, created by CarolineW on 04/19/2015.
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Body conditioning, injuries, and preventing injury
1 What is body conditioning?
1.1 Physical exercise which enhances of maintains physical fitness, therefore your overall health or wellness.
1.2 Prepares the body for the demands of the environment.
2 Why weight train in order to prevent injury
2.1 Increase tendon strength.
2.2 Increase ligament strength.
2.3 Increase bone strength.
2.4 Reduces the risk of injury as bones are less likely to break and less damage is likely to occur to tendons and ligaments.
3 Why flexibility exercises will prevent injury
3.1 Increases range of movement.
3.2 Allows muscles to stretch further.
3.3 Reduces injuries such as strained and pulled muscles.
3.4 Allows more intense training.
4 Why endurance training will prevent injury
4.1 Less likely to suffer from cramp and dehydration.
4.2 Ensures correct technique through training.
5 Different types of injuries
5.1 Joint injuries
5.1.1 Sprains.
5.1.2 Disclocation.
5.1.3 Ligaments.
5.1.4 Prevention/treatment: R.I.C.E, thorough warm up.
5.2 Overuse injuries
5.2.1 Tennis/Golfer's elbow.
5.2.2 Shin splints.
5.2.3 Prevention/treatment: ensure the correct size/weight equipment is being used, R.I.C.E.
5.3 Hard tissue injuries
5.3.1 Broken bones.
5.3.2 Fractures.
5.3.3 Prevention/treatment: ensure balanced competition, R.I.C.E.
5.3.4 Stress Fracture
5.3.4.1 Causes: constant impact, repeated stress.
5.3.4.2 Sports: badminton,tennis,athletics.
5.3.4.3 Symptoms: small breaks,pain during/after event, tender shins.
5.3.4.4 Treatment: rest and recovery, low impact training.
5.3.5 Open Fracture
5.3.5.1 Causes: Impact with objects/people.
5.3.5.2 Sports: basketball, rugby, football.
5.3.5.3 Symptoms: bone pierced skin.
5.3.5.4 Treatment: bridge cast. bandage, elevation.
5.3.6 Closed Fracture
5.3.6.1 Causes: impact with object/person.
5.3.6.2 Sports: rugby, football, basketball.
5.3.6.3 Symptoms: clean break, no pierce of skin.
5.3.6.4 Treatment: keep still, warm, dial 999, bone imobolised.
5.3.7 Greenstick Fracture
5.3.7.1 Causes: impact, common in children.
5.3.7.2 Sports: hockey. football.
5.3.7.3 Symptoms: partial cracks in bones.
5.3.7.4 Treatment: bone imobolised with a cast.
5.3.8 Dislocation
5.3.8.1 Causes: Ball and socket joint, hard impact.
5.3.8.2 Sports: rugby, basketball.
5.3.8.3 Symptoms: limbs are limp, bone out of place, lots of pain.
5.3.8.4 Treatment: Put back into place, joint kept warm, tissue takes a long time to heal.
5.4 Soft tissue injuries
5.4.1 Pulled/strained muscles.
5.4.2 Cuts.
5.4.3 Bruises.
5.4.4 Prevention/treatment: wear protective equipment, R.I.C.E.
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