PY1 - Cognitive Approach

libertyk
Mind Map by libertyk, updated more than 1 year ago
libertyk
Created by libertyk almost 5 years ago
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A Level Psychology Mind Map on PY1 - Cognitive Approach, created by libertyk on 04/23/2015.

Resource summary

PY1 - Cognitive Approach
1 Assumptions
1.1 1. Behaviour can be explained by mental processes
1.1.1 Perception
1.1.2 Attention
1.1.3 Memory
1.1.4 Language
1.1.5 Thinking
1.2 2. Computer analogy and multi-store model
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.3 3. "Faulty thinking": The assumption that psychological problems are caused by thoughts that are incorrect
2 Attribution theory
2.1 Self serving bias
2.1.1 Internal
2.1.1.1 Applied to ourselves when something goes well
2.1.2 External
2.1.2.1 Application of external situations to ourselves when things go wrong
2.2 Internal attribution: someone's personality External attribution: the situation
2.3 Covariation theory
2.3.1 Consistency: behaving the same way all the time - the extent to which any behaviour between one person and one stimulus is the same over time
2.3.2 Distinctiveness: considering the extent to which any behaviour is unique - the extent that one person behaves the same to different stimuli
2.3.2.1
2.3.2.1.1 Internal attributions happen when the consistency is high and distinctiveness and consensus are low - external attributions occur when all three are high.
2.3.3 Consensus: the extent to which there is agreement amongst other people
3 CBT
3.1 The aim is to alter maladaptive thoughts and replace them with new, constructive positive thinking
3.1.1 Beck's negative triad
3.1.1.1
3.1.2 Challenging dysfunctional thoughts
3.1.2.1 - Homework tasks that would prove the thoughts to be incorrect - Thought diaries
3.1.2.2 Cahill et al found that 71% of patients who went through CBT had reduced depression, however 13% who did not complete CBT got better
3.1.3 Direct questioning of faulty thoughts
3.1.3.1 "Where is evidence for X?" "How can you prove X?"
4 Methodology
4.1 Lab experiments
4.1.1 Low ecological validity
4.1.2 Demand characteristics
4.1.3 Experimenter bias
4.1.4 Repeatable
4.1.5 Control of extraneous variables
4.2 Case studies
4.2.1 Qualitative data
4.2.1.1 Difficult to analyse
4.2.2 Detailed data
4.2.3 Idiographic
4.2.3.1 Cant be generalised
4.2.3.2 Specific to the individual
4.2.4 Subjective view of behaviour
5 Evaluation
5.1 Reductionist
5.1.1 Computer model is mechanistic reductionism
5.1.1.1 Reducing the human mind to a computer may simplify it too much
5.2 Determinism
5.2.1 Ignores free will
5.2.1.1 Pessimistic view of human control
5.3 Useful
5.3.1 CBT has managed to treat people
5.4 Scientfic
5.4.1 Lab study
5.4.1.1 Can be proved
5.4.1.2 Can be repeated
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