Social Sciences

danivicky22
Mind Map by danivicky22, updated more than 1 year ago
danivicky22
Created by danivicky22 over 5 years ago
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this is a conceptual map of Anthropology, in here you can find all the concepts related with it. This is the final activity, part 2
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Social Sciences
1 Anthropology
1.1 Culture
1.1.1 Cultural Identity
1.1.1.1 Enculturation: learning process of a culture
1.1.1.2 State: political unit with independent goverment
1.1.1.2.1 Population growth
1.1.1.2.1.1 Regions of Mexico
1.1.1.2.1.1.1 Identity
1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 Mexican Identity
1.1.1.2.1.1.2 Regionalisms: figure of speed
1.1.1.2.1.1.3 Central Mexico: Distrito Federal ,Estado de México, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Morelos, Puebla, Tlaxcala
1.1.1.2.1.1.4 Northeastern Mexico: Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas
1.1.1.2.1.1.5 West Mexico: Aguascalientes, Colima, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Queretaro, Zacatecas
1.1.1.2.1.1.6 Northwestern Mexico: Baja California, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Sonora
1.1.1.2.1.1.7 Southeastern Mexico: Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatán
1.1.1.3 Affinity: relationship that links two groups by marriage
1.1.1.4 Acculturation: exchange of cultural features
1.1.1.5 Ethnocentrism: judging other cultures using own cultural standars
1.1.1.6 Otherness: notions of other as interpersonal phenomena
1.1.2 Cultural ecology
1.1.3 Society
1.1.3.1 Man
1.1.3.1.1 Magic: hidden powes in nature
1.1.3.1.2 Myth: stories that fulfill the aim of recreating the origins of cultures
1.1.3.1.3 Religion
1.1.3.1.3.1 Profane: ordinary events of daily life
1.1.3.1.3.2 Sacrade: beliefs that create a relationship with thte divine
1.1.3.1.3.2.1 Cults
1.1.3.1.3.2.1.1 Ecclesiastical: full-time commitment and professionalization of the activity
1.1.3.1.3.2.1.2 Community: individuals grouped, carry out activities to ensure the common good
1.1.3.1.3.2.1.3 Shamanist: character who carries out their activity from time to time
1.1.3.1.3.2.1.4 Individualist: only following socially established instructions
1.1.3.2 Family
1.1.3.2.1 Types of family
1.1.3.2.1.1 Nuclear
1.1.3.2.1.1.1 Father, mother and children
1.1.3.2.1.2 Extended
1.1.3.2.1.2.1 Sum of all nuclear families linked by blood ties.
1.1.3.2.2 Monogamy: exclusive coupe
1.1.3.2.3 Polygamy
1.1.3.2.3.1 Polyandry
1.1.3.2.3.1.1 1 woman - several men
1.1.3.2.3.2 Polygyny
1.1.3.2.3.2.1 1 man - several women
1.1.3.2.4 Exagamous family: marriage outside with ones is directly related
1.1.3.3 Social group
1.2 Areas of application
1.2.1 Urban
1.2.2 Medical
1.2.3 Cultural Marketing
1.2.4 Education
1.3 Sub-disciplines
1.3.1 Physical: physical characteristics of humans through the fossils
1.3.2 Archaeology: material remains of past cultures
1.3.3 Cultural: analysis and description of cultures
1.3.4 Linguistics: diversity of languages spoken by the existing humans
1.4 Theories
1.4.1 French Structuralism: universal structure for all cultures.
1.4.2 Neoevolutionsm: Cultural evolution is due to the amount of energy captured and put into execution
1.4.3 Culture and personality: Linking cultural practices and beliefs of the individuals with his personality
1.4.4 Diffusionism: cultures adopted their elemnts by imitation
1.4.5 Functionalism: describes the functions of the customs and institutions to understand their origin
1.4.5.1 Structural functionalism: way society is organized as a whole and add a place to it
1.4.6 Historical particularism: Race, language and culture are elements independent from human conditions. It's possible to find societies that share some of those elements.
1.4.7 Evoluniolism: Story of human societies has developed progressivelly and continously.
1.5 Stages
1.5.1 Description of other cultures and reflection on the transformation of their practices
1.5.2 Search for scientific laws of evolution of societies and their institutions
1.5.3 Search for scientific laws of the functioning of societies, from divergent approaches
1.6 Qualitative method
1.6.1 Ethnography
1.6.1.1 Fieldwork
1.6.1.1.1 Ethnography techniques
1.6.1.1.1.1 Direct observation
1.6.1.1.1.2 Participant observation
1.6.1.1.1.3 Conversation
1.6.1.1.1.4 Genealogical method
1.6.1.1.1.5 Key informants
1.6.1.1.1.6 Life story
1.6.1.1.1.7 Team investigation
1.6.1.1.1.8 Longitudinal investigation
1.6.1.1.1.9 Semi-structured interview
1.6.1.1.1.10 Testimony
1.6.1.1.1.11 Focus group
1.6.1.1.1.12 Field diary
1.6.1.1.1.13 Documents
1.6.1.1.1.14 Investigation oriented to problems
1.6.1.2 Etic: outside perception
1.6.1.3 Emic: local/native perception
1.7 Conclusion: Through this entire course learned that humans are very complex beings, not just physically but socially and emotionally. Culture and people are two very related concepts, because we create the strings that forms culture and society but at the same time we are attached to them, there is a mutual relationship. Anthropology is a very complicated study because at the end we all are different but there are some common characteristics that define us and we take parts from others to create our own identity. Sometimes it was a little difficult to understand some concepts or theories because its complexity but there were just trying to explains what we are, how we interact and understand all the aspects in human life.
1.7.1 With all those news reports and documents that we read in class, that were a very interesting dynamic because at the same time you relate the topics with the reading but learn what is happening outside our little environment, I understand that sometimes we don’t realize or know what is happening in other parts of the country or in the world, because there are some other “important” news for the tv programs or they just don’t want you to know about them but is very important to be informed. I did realize that everything we watch affects us, even if we don’t want to, this learning modifies the culture for good or bad, therefore we are constantly changing.
1.7.1.1 Maybe studying anthropology sometimes may be overwhelming for some people, but is important to know our history in order to know where we come from, who we are nowadays, and where we are going.
2 Psychology
3 Law
4 Communicaton
5 Economics
6 Politics
7 Sociology
8 Geography
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