Federation

lyllhfm
Mind Map by lyllhfm, updated more than 1 year ago
lyllhfm
Created by lyllhfm over 6 years ago
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Reasons For and Against Federation, Australia 1901

Resource summary

Federation
  1. AGAINST
    1. Rivalry
      1. NSW wanted free trade while VIC wanted protectionist trade policies
        1. NSW wanted Sydney as the capital city while VIC wanted Melbourne
        2. Travel between the colonies
          1. Train tracks between the colonies were different widths
          2. Smaller colonies
            1. Unwilling as they believed larger colonies would dominate
            2. Queensland and the South Sea Islanders
              1. Federation aimed to keep Australia white. This would end Queensland's cheap labour.
              2. British Tradition
                1. Most felt obliged to remain loyal to Britain
              3. FOR
                1. Nationalism
                  1. Separate from the 'mother country', Britain and growth in national pride
                  2. White Australia
                    1. All colonies were keen to strengthen their immigration policies by uniting
                    2. Defense
                      1. Colonies had separate defence forces. A united defence had sounded appealing to all.
                      2. Economy/trade/resources
                        1. All colonies could combine their resources
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