CRIME & DEVIANCE

s a n i n
Mind Map by s a n i n, updated more than 1 year ago
s a n i n
Created by s a n i n over 6 years ago
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Description

GCSE Sociology UNIT 2: Socialisation,Culture And Identity: Crime And Deviance

Resource summary

CRIME & DEVIANCE
  1. HISTORICAL DEVIANCE
    1. SOMETHING THAT IS DEVIANT ONLY AT A CERTAIN TIME PERIOD
    2. CROSS-CULTURAL DEVIANCE
      1. SOMETHING THAT IS DEVIANT IN SOME CULTURES
      2. SITUATIONAL DEVIANCE
        1. SOMETHING THAT IS DEVIANT IN CERTAIN SITUATIONS
        2. DEVIANCE BASED ON POSITION/ROLE
          1. SOMETHING THAT IS DEVIANT FOR MANY BUT AN OCCUPATION/ ROLE MAY BE NON-DEVIANT
          2. DEVIANCE
            1. ACTIONS THAT GO AGAINST THE NORMS AND VALUES OF A SOCIETY/GROUP
            2. AGENTS OF SOCIAL CONTROL
              1. FORMAL
                1. E.G. POLICE, ARMY, COURTS
                2. INFORMAL
                  1. E.G. FAMILY, EDUCATION
                3. SOLUTIONS TO CRIME
                  1. TO PREVENT CRIME; TO PUNISH CRIMINALS; KEEP THE PUBLIC SAFE ; REFORM OFFENDERS; DETER OTHERS FROM COMMITTING CRIME
                    1. BANNING; FINES; COMMUNITY SERVICE; PRISON; PROBATION; CURFEWS; RESTRAINING ORDERS
                    2. MEASURING CRIME
                      1. OFFICIAL STATISTICS
                        1. EASY ACCESS; CHEAP; UP-TO-DATE
                          1. THE CRIMES MIGHT NOT BE RECORDED, BIASED OPINIONS ON WHETHER TO RECORD CRIME E.G. POLICE BRIBES
                        2. VICTIM SURVEYS
                          1. UNCOVERING A MORE VALID PICTURE
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