The Medieval and Renaissance periods

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L226 Mind Map on The Medieval and Renaissance periods, created by mashazygman on 10/14/2013.
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The Medieval and Renaissance periods
1 Term "Visual Art" used for art before 16th century. There were not demands for artists and art, neither the agreed definition of art, which started to appear in the Renaissance..

Annotations:

  • Visual Culture - used to underline method rather then definition, implying that various arts are inseparable from the visual symbolism of power and material culture of society. Before 16 century art were not displayed in galleries, but been used as a persuasive power and cultural identity (coins, ceremonial relics, gender indicator, carpets)  The objects were made with purposefulness not solely as an artistic entity. The public had skill of looking and interpreting.  A work of art during the medieval and Renaissance periods was expected to be of high quality as well as purposeful - it was important to get the right artists , which means that some criteria existed to differentiate the level of art works and artists.EX: some artistic guilds required a"masterpiece" to be submitted for scrutiny.  Changing the values:15 century - some objects were created for visual delight rather then function or meaning.EX: antique cameos owned by the Medici.

Attachments:

1.1 From 16 century - ART - painting, sculpture and architecture. Demands: talent, intellectual application and the acquisition of manual skills. Lots of Italian architects and painters were originally trained as goldsmith to learn design. EX. Botticelli
2 1291 - disappearance of the crusader states in the Holy Land;1453 - Constantinople fell to the Ottomans;1492 - Columbus discovered the New World; 1563 - first funded art academies in Florence
2.1 The medieval and Renaissance periods were not parochial and neither were its artists.
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