obedience

wardle.t16
Mind Map by wardle.t16, updated more than 1 year ago
wardle.t16
Created by wardle.t16 over 6 years ago
19
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Description

mind map on obedience for psychology

Resource summary

obedience
  1. dispositional factors
    1. individual differences in our personalities
      1. Adorno devised an F scale
        1. obedient people have authoritarian personalities
          1. strict upbringing
            1. displaced hostility felt towards parents to others
              1. expect people to obey them
                1. obey those in authority
              2. keeping order in prisons
                1. prison guards wear uniform
                  1. gives them authority
                    1. prisoners more likely to obey
                      1. power to punish
                      2. lose their identity
                        1. easier to carry out orders
                    2. situational factors
                      1. social influence
                        1. electrocuted people for wrong answers
                          1. 65% gave lethal 450 V shock
                          2. setting
                            1. uni - run down offices
                              1. 47.5%
                              2. culture
                                1. individualistic - collectivist (Austria)
                                  1. 85%
                                  2. lab coat - casual
                                    1. 20%
                                    2. consenses
                                      1. add two disobeying actors
                                        1. 10%
                                        2. criticisms
                                          1. no consideration to role of personality
                                            1. ethical problems
                                              1. lacks ecological validity
                                            2. bickman
                                              1. aim
                                                1. whether uniform which signifies authority will affect obedience
                                                2. p
                                                  1. field experiment
                                                    1. new york
                                                    2. opportunity sample of 153 people
                                                      1. given instructions off three males
                                                        1. guard
                                                          1. milkman
                                                            1. civilian
                                                              1. pick up litter, give a coin to someone for parking meter, move to other side of bus stop
                                                            2. R
                                                              1. 2-3 more times likely to obey guard that civilian
                                                                1. 83%
                                                                  1. 57%
                                                                    1. 33%
                                                                  2. C
                                                                    1. power of uniform. dress can suggest uniform. more likely to obey if they have authority to punish
                                                                    2. criticisms
                                                                      1. lack of control over extraneous streel variables
                                                                        1. unethical
                                                                          1. gender bias
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