Cultural Revolution

Tom Lea
Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

GCSE and A-Levels China Mind Map on Cultural Revolution, created by Tom Lea on 10/22/2013.

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Tom Lea
Created by Tom Lea almost 6 years ago
Cultural Revolution Causes/Events/Outcomes + Info
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Cultural Revolution
1 Aims
1.1 Real aim is to re-establish Mao's position of power
1.2 Mao says CR is attack on '4 olds'

Annotations:

  • 4 Olds - old culture, ideas, customs, habits. Stop traditional ideas and promote Maoism.
2 Key People/Groups
2.1 Madame Mao/ Jiang Qing (Mao's 2nd wife)
2.1.1 sent by Mao to attack Wu Han (historian/playwrite)
2.1.2 Given a key role in starting the Cultural Rev
2.2 Lin Biao
2.2.1 Gains power as a result of CR
2.3 Liu
2.3.1 Drops to No.8 on standing committe
2.4 Peng (Mayor of Beijing)
2.4.1 Supporter of Wu Han
2.4.2 Gets dismissed
2.5 Red guards
2.5.1 Formed by young people
2.5.1.1 workers often began to copy children and formed their own units
2.5.2 Police didn't interfere with the Red guard
2.5.3 Used to terrorise opponents of Mao's thought
2.5.4 Deng and Liu tried to make the Red Guard illegal
2.5.5 No central organisation or direction
2.5.5.1 chose their own targets
2.5.5.2 Did sometimes follow Madame Mao
3 Key events/What happened
3.1 Education was a key focus
3.1.1 Students attacked their teachers
3.1.1.1 One primary school headmaster was eaten by his pupils
3.2 Shanghai strike Jan1967
3.2.1 Diminishing food supplies
3.2.2 Made Mao possibly begin to think CR might have gone to far
3.2.2.1 PLA see this as a sign and launch Feb crackdown

Annotations:

  • PLA use very strict tactics to try to bring the Red Guard under control
3.2.2.1.1 Mao attacks PLA leaders for being too harsh
3.3 Red Guards fought each other
3.3.1 to prove how revolutionary they were
4 Impact
5 READ EYEWITNESS ACCOUNTS ON http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4985756.stm: BEFORE YOU DO THE REST OF THE EVENTS SECTION

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