Animal Anatomy

olivia young
Mind Map by olivia young, updated more than 1 year ago
olivia young
Created by olivia young over 6 years ago
11
1

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grade 11 DIVERSITY Mind Map on Animal Anatomy, created by olivia young on 06/17/2015.

Resource summary

Animal Anatomy
  1. ulcer: sore in the lining of the stomach caused mostly by a bacteria called Heliobacterphylori [has an enzyme that neutrilizes acied
    1. Ingestion [mouth], Digestion [teeth/stomach/etc], Absorption [stomach/small intestine/large intestine, Egestion [large intestine]
      1. Breathing
        1. Inspiration: diaphragm contracts and flattens, intercostal contracts and moves ribcage upward.
          1. Expiration: Diaphragm relaxes and returns to dome shape, intercostal relax and moves ribs down
        2. Components of blood: 55% plasma, <1% white blood cells/platelets, 45% red blood cells
          1. White blood cells : LEUKOCYTES Red Blood cells : Erythrocytes
          2. Functions of the blood
            1. regulate temperature, transports nutrients, transports gases
            2. Hearts Tempo
              1. Sinoartirial node: pacemaker, Myogenic muscle: not attached to the nerve
              2. Essential Nutrients
                1. Carbohydrates: made up of carbon, hydrogen,oxygen
                  1. Monosaccharide's are simple sugars [glucose/fructose]
                    1. Disaccharide: sucrose/maltose/lactose-made by dehydration synthesis
                      1. Polysaccharides: starch/cellulose/glycogen
                  2. Lipids: made up of three fatty acids that are bonded with glycerol [triglyceride]
                    1. Unsaturated triglyceride: called oils and are usually liquid at room temp
                      1. Saturated triglyceride: usually solid
                    2. Proteins: made up of amino acids [8 essential acids] held together by peptide bonds
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