Health psychology

lucinda_m16
Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

Mind Map on Health psychology, created by lucinda_m16 on 11/07/2013.

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lucinda_m16
Created by lucinda_m16 almost 6 years ago
Health Belief Model (Reosenstock and Becker 1974)
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Health psychology

Annotations:

  • growing focus. All major killers have psychological factors in common.
  • Understanding psychological influences on how people stay healthy, why they become ill, how they respond when they get ill.
1 Biomedical vs biopsychosocial

Attachments:

2 Recent developments:
2.1 Health promotion
2.2 Psych states +illness

Annotations:

  • Cognitive factors Stress Coping
2.3 Support

Annotations:

  • social factors
2.4 Pain

Annotations:

  • +management
2.4.1 Defining

Annotations:

  • Defining: sharp/dull, hot/cold, 0-10 scale, how long, cause, had it before... Pain rating scales and diaries. visual analogue scale - mark on a line.
  • Chronic/recurrent: flares up. Chronic/benign: all the time. Chronic/progressive: keeps getting worse.
2.4.2 Expectancy --> heightened experience

Annotations:

  • anxiety, depression, boredom exacerbates pain
2.4.3 Always a real experience

Annotations:

  • should never be made to feel it's their fault
2.5 Adherence to treatment
3 Contributions
3.1 Increased emphasis on prevention + lifestyle
3.2 Increased awareness of health living
3.3 Increased emphasis on quality of life
3.4 More integrative research + longitudinal studies
3.5 Retrospective research
4 Adjusting to a chronic illness

Annotations:

  • Acute: <6 months. Chronic: long term. Influence views of present and future. Have to change lifestyle.
4.1 1. Shock

Annotations:

  • --> denial, avoidance
  • but humans are resilient. only 20-40% get clinically depressed.
  • First phases of coping are similar regardless of whether illness is acute or chronic.
4.2 2. Period focused on coping: denial, grief
4.3 3. Come to reality, reach some adjustment
5 Social work response:
5.1 Get them to avoid denying seriousness
5.2 Seeking info about problem + treatment
5.3 Learning to provide one's own care
5.4 Setting concrete limited goals
5.5 Get a clear picture of pain
5.6 Empathy+ respect
5.7 Problem solving model

Annotations:

  • for increased quality of life
5.8 Externalise pain

Annotations:

  • separate them from it.
5.9 Build identity in other areas
5.10 Need to identify personal reaction

Annotations:

  • + identify it from the case you're working with. strive to understand their worldview. debrief.

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