Observational methods

Matthew Keane
Mind Map by Matthew Keane, updated more than 1 year ago
Matthew Keane
Created by Matthew Keane almost 5 years ago
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Observational methods
1 Structured/Unstructed
1.1 Structured: An observer records a specified range of behaviours in pre-defined, pre-decided catergories
1.2 Unstructured: Observer records non-specified, wide range of behaviours, anything that seems relevant
2 Naturalistic/Controlled
2.1 Naturalistic: Behaviours observed in normal environment for the participants without interference from the researcher (has high ecological validity)
2.2 Controlled: Behaviours recorded by the researcher in situations with some manipulation (e.g. take there somewhere that is not their natural environment
3 Covert/Overt
3.1 Covert: Participants are unaware they are being watched
3.2 Overt: Researcher is known to participants. They know they are being observed
4 Participant/Non-participant
4.1 Participant: The observer participates and joins in with the group
4.2 Non-participant The observer watches but does not join in. E.g. sits at the back of the room
5 Event/Time sampling
5.1 Event sampling: Uses a checklist of possible activities which are tallied as they occur
5.2 Time sampling: Uses a limited list of possible activities. The occurance of these activities is recorded in relation to short specified time intervals
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