LIVING THINGS (I)

María Ontivero
Mind Map by María Ontivero, updated more than 1 year ago
María Ontivero
Created by María Ontivero over 6 years ago
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Living Things (I)

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LIVING THINGS (I)
  1. There is a great diversity on
    1. THE EARTH
      1. whose characteristics that make life possible are
        1. 1. The distance between the Sun and the Earth
          1. 2. Terrestrial atmosphere
            1. 3. Water in a liquid state
              1. 4. The presence of basic chemical elements
          2. present the material organized into
            1. ORGANIZATIONAL LEVELS
              1. are
                1. 1. atom
                  1. 2. molecule
                    1. 3. CELL

                      Annotations:

                      • The cell and the structural levels above it are unique to living beings
                      1. 4. tissue
                        1. 5. organ
                          1. 6. system
                            1. 7. organism
                              1. 8. species
                                1. 9. population
                                  1. 10. biocenosis or community
                                    1. 11. ecosystem
                                      1. 12. Biosphere
                                  2. have in common
                                    1. BIOELEMENTS
                                      1. are
                                        1. the chemical elements whose atoms make up living things
                                        2. they combine to form
                                          1. BIOMOLECULES
                                          2. can be
                                            1. Primary (99%): C, O, H, N, P, S
                                              1. Secondary: Ca, Na, Mg, K
                                                1. Trace elements (0,1%): Fe, I
                                              2. BIOMOLECULES
                                                1. are
                                                  1. what living things are made of
                                                  2. can be
                                                    1. Organic
                                                      1. exclusive to living things
                                                        1. Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
                                                      2. Inorganic
                                                        1. also found in living things and non-living things
                                                          1. Water, mineral salts
                                                      3. group together to create
                                                        1. CELLS
                                                      4. CELLS
                                                        1. the cell theory states at
                                                          1. 1. All organisms are made of cells
                                                            1. 2. Cells are structural and functional units of living things
                                                              1. 3. Every cell is the result of the division of a pre-existing cell
                                                                1. 4. Cells are the simplest independent life units which we know of
                                                                2. allow us to divide living things into
                                                                  1. UNICELLULAR
                                                                    1. bacteria, fungy, algae
                                                                    2. MULTICELLULAR
                                                                      1. animals, plants
                                                                    3. are the smallest structures capable of performing
                                                                      1. VITAL FUNCTIONS
                                                                    4. VITAL FUNCTIONS
                                                                      1. 1. Nutrition
                                                                        1. 2. Interaction
                                                                          1. 3. Reproduction
                                                                        2. (c) by María Ontivero
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