Evolution of Psychology

Aiyana Reeves
Mind Map by Aiyana Reeves, updated more than 1 year ago
Aiyana Reeves
Created by Aiyana Reeves almost 5 years ago
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Study Notes for Evolution of Psychology

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Evolution of Psychology
1 History of Psychology
1.1 William Wundt
1.1.1 First Laboratory of Psychology in University of Leipzig (1879)
1.1.2 Consciousness / Awareness of immediate experience
1.1.3 First to apply scientific method to the field
1.1.4 First Psychological Journal in 1881
1.2 G. Stanley Hall
1.2.1 Student of Wundt
1.2.2 Science of Psychology to America ( vital )
1.2.3 Founded / First President of the American Psychological Association
1.2.4 First research Laboratory at John's Hopkins University in 1883
1.2.5 First Journal in American
1.3 John B. Watson
1.3.1 Founded Behaviourism in 1913
1.3.2 behaviourism sparked nature vs. nurture
1.3.3 Nurture, not Nature
1.3.4 Pavlov's Dog
1.4 B.F Skinner
1.4.1 Voted most important influence in history of psychology
1.4.2 stimulus response pairings
1.4.3 control behaviour of rats and pigeons
1.5 Sigmund Freud
1.5.1 founded psychoanalytic approach
1.5.2 work : Phobias / Irrational fears / anxieties
1.5.3 Disturbances were based on personal conflicts on an unconscious level
1.6 Rogers and Maslow
1.6.1 Human behaviour is determined by "self-concept" (animals lack)
1.6.2 self concept seeks to grow, evolve, and develope
1.7 Donald Hebb
1.7.1 Cell assemblies describe neural work
1.7.2 begins mapping of the brain
1.7.3 cognitive processes can now be observed
1.8 Piaget
1.8.1 studied children's cognitive development
1.9 Chomsky
1.9.1 Studied language acquisitions / cognitive roots
1.10 Roger Sperry
1.10.1 Discovered that the left and right hemispheres of the brain have specialized functions
2 Key Terms
2.1 Structuralism
2.1.1 Led by Edward Tichner.
2.1.1.1 Analyze consciousness into basic elements / Study relation
2.1.1.1.1 Based on Introspection : careful, systematic self observation of one's own conscious experience
2.2 Functionalism
2.2.1 William James
2.2.1.1 Psychology should focus in the function/ purpose of consciousness rather than it structuce
2.3 Behaviour
2.3.1 any overt and observable response / activity by an organism
2.4 Stimulus
2.4.1 any detectable input from the environment
2.5 Cognition
2.5.1 Mental process involved in acquiring knowledge
3 Seven Major Research Areas
3.1 Personality
3.2 Cognitive
3.3 Social
3.4 Experiemental
3.5 Developmental
3.6 Physiological
3.7 Psychometrics
3.8 Professional Specialties
3.8.1 Clinical
3.8.2 Education
3.8.3 Counselling
3.8.4 Industrial
4 Positive Psychology
4.1 Uses theory and research to understand the positive perspectives of human existence
4.2 Individual strengths and traits
5 Evolutionary Psychology
5.1 Behaviour : Helping
5.1.1 Does not explain altruism - helping others at ones own expense
5.2 Adaptive value for members of the species over the course of generations
5.3 Thought provoking perspective gaining in influence
5.4 natural selection occurs for behavioural as well as physical characteristics
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