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Nature of Stress

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Basics of stress
Kim Blunden
Mind Map by Kim Blunden, updated more than 1 year ago
Kim Blunden
Created by Kim Blunden over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Nature of Stress
  1. 1. stress is any circumstances that threaten or are perceived to threaten one's well-being and that thereby tax one's coping abilities
    1. threat may be to immediate physical safety, long-range security, self-esteem, reputation, peace of mind
    2. 2. Even though there are elevated levels of psychological problems etc. after a traumatic event, many everyday events are also stressful
      1. 3. Experience of feeling stress depends on what events one notices and how one chooses to appraise them
        1. * Primary appraisal = initial evaluation of whether an event is: 1. irrelevant to you. 2. relevant but not threatening. 3. stressful ** When you view an event as stressful you are likely to make a secondary appraisal which is an evaluation of your coping resources and options for dealing with stress
        2. 4. Types of stress
          1. Acute Stressors - threatening events that have a relatively short duration and a clear endpoint
            1. Chronic Stressors - threatening events that have a relatively long duration and no readily apparent time limit
            2. 4 major types of stress:
              1. Pressure = involves expectations or demands that one behave in a certain way --> pressures to perform and pressures to conform
                1. Change = any significant alterations in one's living circumstances that require readjustment
                  1. Conflict = occurs when 2 or more incompatible motivations or behavioural impulses compete for expression ... 1. Approach-approach 2. Avoidance-avoidance 3. Approach-avoidance
                    1. Frustration = occurs in any situation in which the pursuit of some goal is thwarted. "You want something and can't have it"
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