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Amoebic Dysentery

Description

Mind map of Amoebic Dysentery
james_hodges
Mind Map by james_hodges, updated more than 1 year ago
james_hodges
Created by james_hodges over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Amoebic Dysentery
  1. Entamoeba histolytica
    1. Poor sanitary conditions
      1. Leads to ingestion of cysts (parasites) from:
        1. Fecally contaminated
          1. Food
            1. Hands
              1. Water
          2. Tropical areas
            1. Map of 'at risk' countries
            2. Chain of infection
              1. Infection
                1. 10% - 20% of people actually become sick from exposure
                  1. Symptoms will develop between 2 - 4 weeks after exposure
                    1. Symptoms
                      1. Mild
                        1. Diarrhea
                          1. Stomach pain
                            1. Stomach cramps
                            2. Severe
                              1. When it manifests as Amoebic Dysentery
                                1. Stomach pain
                                  1. Bloody stool
                                    1. Fever
                                      1. Occasionally:
                                        1. E. histolytica enters the liver and creates an abcess
                                          1. Rupture of abscess usually causes shock and death
                                          2. Even rarer:
                                            1. Can spread to the lungs and brain
                              2. Treatment
                                1. Metronidazole: Anti-Biotic
                                  1. Inexpensive
                                    1. Highly effective
                                  2. Incidence
                                    1. Much higher in developing countries
                                      1. In Western countries Male Homo-Sexuals, Prisoners and Immigrants are most at risk
                                    2. Prevelance
                                      1. Estimated worldwide 35 - 50 Million annually
                                        1. Estimated worldwide 100,000 deaths annually
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