Collectivisation

g-jacqmin
Mind Map by g-jacqmin, updated more than 1 year ago
g-jacqmin
Created by g-jacqmin over 4 years ago
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collectivisation by stalin
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Collectivisation
1 Causes
1.1 Raise food to feed 5-year plan workers
1.2 1928= 2 million tonnes short of grain
1.3 Raise money by selling surplus abroad
1.4 Most peasants: Kulaks (rich) or peasants (poor)
1.5 Peasants didn't work enough to feed farms individually
1.6 1928: 2 million short on grain
2 What?
2.1 Land and animals were now owned by the government
2.2 Peasants all had to move into large farms : Kohlkovs
2.2.1 But small part set for personal use
2.2.2 Animals+tools used and shared by everyone
2.3 Motor Tractor Stations (MTS): provided tractors
2.4 90% of kholkov produce sent to government, 10% to feed peasants
3 Events
3.1 Communist party delegations took food- peasants starved
3.2 Kulaks arrested and sent to : labour camps or poor-quality land
3.3 1929: 25,000 party workers sent to farms for harvest
3.4 1932-33: Food production fell+ famine
3.5 1934: no Kulaks left
3.6 1941: Stalin achieved collectivisation - most farms
3.7 Nov. 1929- Mar.1930 : 60% of farms collectivised
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