Collectivisation (part 2)

g-jacqmin
Mind Map by g-jacqmin, updated more than 1 year ago
g-jacqmin
Created by g-jacqmin over 5 years ago
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Collectivisation
1 Peasants
1.1 Asked to grow flax (not grain) which couldn't feed them
1.2 Forced to abandon way of life
1.3 Unfamiliar with new methods
1.4 Most wanted Kulaks to stay
2 Kulaks
2.1 Refused to hand over land + produce
2.1.1 Communists declared war on Kulaks
2.2 Shot or arrested and sent to labour camps or to poor-quality land
2.3 Burnt crops and slaughtered animals so gov. could not have them
2.4 1934: No Kulaks left
2.5 3% of peasants = Kulaks
2.6 3 million killed
2.7 1/3 sent to labour camps
2.8 1937: 93% of remaining Kulaks in prison
3 Ukraine famine
3.1 1932-33: 4/5 million died
3.2 Deaths concentrated in richest farming regions as food was exploited there
3.3 Ukrainians not happy to give food to Russians despite being USSR
4 Food production fell
4.1 1928-33: Grain harvest lost 5 million tonnes
4.2 X6 more exports
4.2.1 less food in Russia
4.3 1933: 17 million tonnes of food less than 1928 (62-45)
4.4 Cattle 1928-33: 70--> 38 million. = 30 million less
4.5 Horses 1929-33: population halved. 34--> 17 million
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