Gastrointestinal System

christinemanders
Mind Map by christinemanders, updated more than 1 year ago
christinemanders
Created by christinemanders over 4 years ago
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Description

Nancy Caroline's Emergency 7th Edition Chapter 20

Resource summary

Gastrointestinal System
1 The Mouth
1.1 Salivary Glands

Annotations:

  • Secretes Saliva  Begins chemical breakdown of Carbs Each gland has Serous Cells and Mucous Cells
1.1.1 Parotid

Annotations:

  • anterior and slightly inferior to each ear.  Between cheek and masseter muscle  clear watery fluid & amylase
1.1.2 Submandibular

Annotations:

  • Floor of the mouth  inside lower jaw surface viscous fluid
1.1.3 Sublingual

Annotations:

  • lies on floor of mouth  inferior to tongue thick stringy secretions 
1.1.4 Serous Cells

Annotations:

  • Contains the enzyme SALIVARY AMYLASE
1.1.5 Mucous Cells

Annotations:

  • secretes mucus to bind an lubricate
2 Hollow Organs
2.1 Esophagus
2.2 Stomach
2.3 Small Intestines
2.4 Large Intestines
2.5 Gallbladder
3 Solid Organs
3.1 Liver

Annotations:

  • 5th Intercostal Space to lower ribs.  about 3 LBS 2 lobes  
3.1.1 Functions

Annotations:

  • Glucose storage Protein synthesis Filtering blood
3.1.2 Hepatoportal

Annotations:

  • Directs blood from intestines through liver to be processed. 
3.2 Spleen

Annotations:

  • ULQ posterior to Stomach
3.2.1 Function

Annotations:

  • Fighting Infection  Removal of Red blood Cells from circulation
3.3 Peritoneum

Annotations:

  • Surround organs Smooth membrane  Connective tissue Parietal vs Visceral 
3.3.1 Mesenteries
3.3.1.1 Greater Omenta
3.3.1.2 Lesser Omenta
3.3.1.3 Omental Bursa
3.4 Pancreas

Annotations:

  • ULQ Posterior to Stomach Extends latteraly from Duodenum towards Spleen  15 cm 3 ounces
3.4.1 Function

Annotations:

  • Insulin  Glucagons Digestive enzymes
3.4.1.1 Enzymes
3.4.1.1.1 Protein

Annotations:

  • Trypsin Chymotrypsin Carboxypeptidase
3.4.1.1.2 Fats

Annotations:

  • Lipases
3.4.2 Pancreatic Duct

Annotations:

  • into Common Hepatic Duct into duodenum by the Ampulla of Vater. 
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