The Behaviourist Approach

Dominique Fernan
Mind Map by Dominique Fernan, updated more than 1 year ago
Dominique Fernan
Created by Dominique Fernan about 5 years ago
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Chapter 4: Approaches in Psychology (Page 106-107)

Resource summary

The Behaviourist Approach
1 Assumptions
1.1 Only interested in studying behaviour that can be observed and measured
1.2 John Watson rejected introspection
1.3 Used lab experiments to maintain control
1.4 Behaviourists identify 2 important forms of learning: classical and operant conditioning
2 Classical Conditioning
2.1 Classical conditioning is learning through assossiation
2.2
3 Operant Conditioning
3.1 Skinner suggested that learning is active process
3.2 There are 3 types of consequences of behavior
3.2.1 Positive Reinforcement: receiving a reward when a certain behavior is performed
3.2.2 Negative Reinforcement; occur when an individual avoids something unpleasant
3.2.3 Punishment: an unpleasant consequence for a certain behavior
3.3
4 Evaluation
4.1 Scientific credibility: focuses on measuring observable behavior within controlled lab settings
4.2 Real-life applications: basis of token economy system. Classical conditions can treat phobias
4.3 Mechanistic View on behavior: animals are seen as passive and machine-like responders to the enviroment
4.4 Environmental determinism: ignores any possible influence of free will
4.5 Ethical and Practical issues: used animals therefore can't relate to humans. Unethical for skinners rts
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