Sociology- Key Concepts

Becky Walker
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All Key Concepts needed for AS Sociology.

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Becky Walker
Created by Becky Walker over 4 years ago
Stalin's Russia AS Notes
Asterisked
Edexcel AS History: Indian Search For Independence - 1914-48
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Freud's Theory of Personality
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Research Methods
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Roles of Education
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Strength and Limitations of research methods
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CLASS DIFFERENCES IN ACHIEVEMENT
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Sociology- Key Concepts
1 Bourgeoisie- Marxist term for the capitalist class
2 Compensatory Education- government education policies such as Operation Headstart
3 Comprehensive system- a non-selective system where all the children attend the same type of secondary school.
4 Correspondence Principle- Bowles and Gintis concept describing the way that the organisation and control of school, mirrors the workplace in Capitalist society.
5 Cultural Capital- the knowledge, attitudes, values, language, tastes and abilities that the middle class transmit to their children.
6 Cultural Deprivation- the theory that many working class and black children are inadequately socialised and therefore lack the 'right' culture needed for educational success.
7 Culture- all thhose things that are learnt and shared by a society or group of people and transmitted through generations
8 Curriculum- those things taught or learnt in educational institutions
9 Deferred Gratification- postpoing immediate rewards or pleasures, generally with the aim of producing a greater reward at a later date.
10 Dependency Culture- where people assume tha the state will support them, rather than relying on their own efforts and taking responsibility for their families.
11 Deviance- behaviour that does not conform to the norms of a society or group, it is a social construction.
12 Feminism- a sociological perspective and political movement that focuses on
13 Legitimation- justifying something by making it seem fair and natural. This is the main function of ideology.
14 Longitudinal Study- study of sample of people in which information is collected at regular intervals over an extended period of time
15 Marketisation- the policy of introducing market forces
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