Please wait - loading…

Chapter 7: Long-Term Memory: Encoding, Retrieval, and Consolidation

Description

Encoding: getting information into long-term memory, Consolidation: the life history of memories
krupa8711
Mind Map by krupa8711, updated more than 1 year ago
krupa8711
Created by krupa8711 over 6 years ago
134
1

Resource summary

Chapter 7: Long-Term Memory: Encoding, Retrieval, and Consolidation
  1. Retrieval
    1. Process of transferring from LTM to working memory
      1. Self-generating cues are better for the memory
        1. Encoding Specificity
          1. States that we encode information along with its context
            1. Easier to retrieve it the way you stuck it in (mood, location,..)
          2. Circular Reasoning
            1. Can measure memory performance in each condition
              1. Begins and ends with the same thing
              2. Storing Information
                1. Encoding
                  1. The process of acquiring information and transferring it into LTM
                    1. Visual Memory
                      1. Picture it in your mind
                        1. Example: A dog, a phone number
                        2. Self-reference
                          1. Memory is better if you relate a word to yourself
                            1. Example: Numbers to birthday
                            2. Generation effect
                              1. Making ways to remember something
                                1. Your own definition
                                2. Testing yourself
                                  1. Actually testing yourself
                                    1. A study guide
                                    2. Organization effect
                                      1. Put similar words in a group that makes sense to you
                                        1. Putting a large list into a smaller one
                                      2. Maintenance Rehearsal
                                        1. Without making any consideration of meaning or making connections with other information
                                        2. Elaborative Rehearsal
                                          1. Making connections to other information and considering meaning
                                            1. The better way of the two rehearsals
                                          2. Levels of Processing
                                            1. Depth
                                              1. Distinguishes between shallow and deep processing
                                                1. Shallow
                                                  1. Little attention to meaning
                                                  2. Deep
                                                    1. Involves close attention
                                                      1. Better for memory
                                                  3. Consolidation
                                                    1. The process that transforms new memories from a fragile state, in which they can be disrupted, to a more permanent state, in which they are resistant to disruption
                                                      1. Synaptic
                                                        1. Takes place over minutes or hours and involves structural changes at synapses
                                                        2. Systems
                                                          1. Takes place over months or years and involves gradual reorganization of neural circuits within the brain
                                                          2. Sleep and consolidation
                                                            1. Better for you to learn before bed then sleep
                                                              1. Less interference during consolidation
                                                                1. Sleep and REM enhanced consolidation
                                                              2. Reconsolidation
                                                                1. When a memory is retrieved, it becomes fragile, and when it is in the fragile state it can be consolidated again
                                                                  1. Helps PTSD suffers
                                                                Show full summary Hide full summary

                                                                Similar

                                                                Chapter 5: Short-term and Working Memory
                                                                krupa8711
                                                                Memory Key words
                                                                Sammy :P
                                                                Chapter 6: Long-Term Memory: Structure
                                                                krupa8711
                                                                The working memory model
                                                                Lada Zhdanova
                                                                Psychology A1
                                                                Ellie Hughes
                                                                History of Psychology
                                                                mia.rigby
                                                                Biological Psychology - Stress
                                                                Gurdev Manchanda
                                                                Bowlby's Theory of Attachment
                                                                Jessica Phillips
                                                                Psychology subject map
                                                                Jake Pickup
                                                                Psychology | Unit 4 | Addiction - Explanations
                                                                showmestarlight
                                                                The Biological Approach to Psychology
                                                                Gabby Wood