EVALUATION OF THE BEHAVIOURAL APPROACH

beckyjohu
Mind Map by beckyjohu, updated more than 1 year ago
beckyjohu
Created by beckyjohu about 6 years ago
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Mind map evaluation of the behavioural approach

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EVALUATION OF THE BEHAVIOURAL APPROACH
  1. + SCIENTIFIC APPROACH
    1. introduced by Watson start of 20th Century.
      1. Pavlov work was objective, scientific.
        1. e.g. studies observable, measurable behaviours
          1. operationalised in terms of stimulus- response
            1. could relate to little albert
      2. analyse, quantify and compare behaviour
        1. see beliefs from facts- conduct experiments
          1. therapies, have scientific evidence, can observe and measure.
            1. could relate to SD
          2. FOCUS ON THE HERE AND NOW
            1. Not concerned with the past like other approaches
              1. does not work for all people or disorders
                1. treatment of disorders focuses on current symptoms and not causes
                  1. e.g. aversion therapy
                    1. alcohol and new stimulus response
                      1. not why, but stop it
                    2. e.g. 2 - SD treat undesirable behaviour
                      1. via counterconditioning - new stimulus/response
                        1. does not look for cause, removes symptoms
                  2. ignores the underlying cause
                  3. SUCCESSFUL APPLICATIONS
                    1. applied in the real world
                      1. education
                        1. mental illness
                          1. e.g. classical conditioning and aversion therapy
                          2. operant conditioning e.g. token economy
                            1. principles of positive reinforcement in the form of primary and secondary reinforcers
                        2. EMPHASIS ON NURTURE
                          1. focuses on the environment nature is ignored.
                            1. e.g. would not consider genetics in influencing personality
                            2. external factors are exaggerated
                              1. if it was just learning, we could all reach our potential
                                1. ignores internal factors
                                  1. motivation, emotions, innate abilities
                                    1. e.g moral responsibility
                              2. ETHICAL as it takes the blame away from the individual
                              3. :( MORE RELEVANT TO ANIMALS
                                1. roots lie in experiments with non animals e.g. pavlov and skinner
                                  1. Wolpe - created a phobia in cats by placing them in cages and giving shocks.
                                    1. human anxiety might not be the same
                                      1. e.g. Wolpe - women fear of insects SD not cure phobia. Husband = insect
                                        1. it was repression, not learning = counselling. recommended
                                  2. SD was also developed with animals
                                  3. DETERMINISITIC APPROACH
                                    1. behaviour linked by associations e.g. stimulus response(CC), or rewards and punishments( oc)
                                      1. People are controlled by environmental factors
                                        1. does not consider the processes that occur before we behave - i.e free will
                                          1. ie ENVIRONMENTAL DETERMINISM
                                            1. people can not make choices, and have no personal or moral responsibility?
                                              1. people are not accountable for own wrong doing>
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