Please wait - loading…

Memory-AS psych, class project

Description

Ongoing in class project for 2nd term.
Snezana Kordovan
Mind Map by Snezana Kordovan, updated more than 1 year ago
Snezana Kordovan
Created by Snezana Kordovan over 6 years ago
4
0

Resource summary

Memory-AS psych, class project
  1. Coding
    1. CODING: Process of converting information from one format to another to be stored. RESEARCH: Alan Baddeley (1966): Acoustically similar words caused more confusion in STM suggesting information is stored on acoustic basis in STM.Small difference between semantically similar and dissimilar lists suggest there is also semantic coding in STM. Semantically similar words caused more confusion in LTM suggesting information is stored on semantic basis in LTM. E: Ecological validity (Artificial stimuli: words no personal meaning).
    2. Capacity
      1. CAPACITY: How much information can one hold at any one time? RESEARCH: Joseph Jacobs (1887) Digit recall mean for numbers 9.5, for letters 7.5 (video). George Miller (1956) observations on every day practice (things come in 7). Chunking makes it easier to remember things-people recall 5 letters and 5 words. (video/exercise). E: Jacobs' study lacks validity due to confounding variables that weren't controlled in early psych research. But later replications confirmed his findings. Cowan (2001) on Miller: evaluated other research: "Miller overestimated the STM capacity. It is only 4 chunks."

        Annotations:

        • Digit recall test: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p-j4WWko-4YDigit  Chunking: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oeNXe9TT2Lc
      2. Duration
        1. STM: Peterson&Peterson(1959) RESEARCH: 24 undergrad-8 trials, trigram consonants and 3 numbers/had to say them in reverse as well to stop rehearsal. Recall measured after 3,6,9,12,15,18 sec . The accuracy of recall decreased with the recall interval. STM is short without rehearsal.
          1. LTM: BAhr
          Show full summary Hide full summary

          Similar

          Chapter 5: Short-term and Working Memory
          krupa8711
          Chapter 6: Long-Term Memory: Structure
          krupa8711
          MEMORY FLASHCARDS
          georgina.hope99
          Memory-boosting tips for students
          Micheal Heffernan
          Memory Key words
          Sammy :P
          Memory - AQA Psychology Unit 1 GCSE - created from Mind Map
          joshua6729
          Memory full quiz
          Molly Macgregor
          Learning and Memory
          up723339
          DefinitionsMemory
          becky_e
          Memory Model
          Bryana Brooner
          MemoryCaseStudies
          becky_e