Russian Recovery after WW2

g-jacqmin
Mind Map by g-jacqmin, updated more than 1 year ago
g-jacqmin
Created by g-jacqmin about 5 years ago
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Russian Recovery after WW2
1 Consequences of War
1.1 Civilian deaths: 19 million
1.2 Soldiers killed: 9 million
1.3 Villages destroyed: 70,000
1.4 Kholkoz wasted: 100,000
1.5 Scorched earth policy: Territory recovered of not much value
1.6 Labour camps: 1.6m in 1942--> 4.7m in 1947
2 Territory
2.1 Gained: Estonia, Latvia,Lithuania
2.2 Satellite sates: East Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania+Bulgaria
3 Industrial Development
3.1 4th 5-year plan: Heavy industry+transport
3.2 Urban workforce: 67m-77m
3.2.1 More women( men died in war)
3.3 1947: Devaluation of the rouble by 90%
3.3.1 Everyone lost savings
3.4 Consumer goods in short supply
3.5 Collective farms: 1/3 of pre-war levels (less men)
3.5.1 Collectivisation resumed
3.6 Wages on farms= 20% of industrial wages
3.7 USSR only second to USA in industrial capacity
4 Harvest fail+drought
4.1 1945 harvest= 60% of pre-war levels
4.2 1946: nation-wide drought
5 Cult of personality
5.1 Accepted that Stalin was absolute after victory
5.2 'Mature dictatorship' reached
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