PROTIST

Syaf Mukh
Mind Map by Syaf Mukh, updated more than 1 year ago
Syaf Mukh
Created by Syaf Mukh about 6 years ago
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Description

information about protists

Resource summary

PROTIST
  1. GENERAL INFORMATION
    1. most are unicellular
      1. eukaryotic
        1. grow in moist habitats
          1. presence of vacoule
            1. presence of cilia/flagella
              1. sexual & asexual
                1. cytoplasm divided into
                  1. endoplasm
                    1. outer gelatinous ectoplasm
                  2. PROTOZOA (animal-like)
                    1. mostly aerobic heterotrophs
                      1. motile & colourless
                        1. obtain food through
                          1. ingestion of particulate bacteria
                            1. pinocytosis
                              1. phagocytosis
                                1. absorption
                                2. has 4 major group
                                  1. Archaezoa
                                    1. flagellated & free living
                                      1. parasitic/pathogenic
                                        1. live & grow bloodstream
                                          1. Trypanosoma gambiense
                                          2. Rhizopoda
                                            1. ameboid movement by pseudopods
                                              1. phagocytosis
                                                1. freshwater habitat
                                                  1. Amoeba proteus
                                                  2. Ciliophora
                                                    1. have thousand of cilia
                                                      1. freshwater habitat
                                                        1. presence of gullet for ingestion
                                                          1. Paramecium
                                                          2. Apicomplexa
                                                            1. obligate parasites
                                                              1. not motile in mature forms
                                                                1. Plasmodium vivax - malaria
                                                            2. SLIME MOLD
                                                              1. three divisions
                                                                1. Myxomycota
                                                                  1. saphrophytes/decomposers
                                                                    1. multinucleated
                                                                      1. plasmodial slime molds
                                                                        1. lack of cell wall
                                                                        2. Acrasiomycota
                                                                          1. cellular slime molds
                                                                            1. individual amoeboid cells ( unicellular)
                                                                            2. Peronosporomycetes
                                                                              1. egg fungi formerly (called oomycetes)
                                                                                1. no chitin in cell wall
                                                                                  1. some parasites of fish gills
                                                                                    1. water molds
                                                                                      1. Oomycota - saphrophytes
                                                                                  2. ALGAE
                                                                                    1. mostly photoautotropic
                                                                                      1. multicellular
                                                                                        1. requires water
                                                                                          1. asexual (all) & sexual (some)
                                                                                            1. simple aquatic plants
                                                                                              1. aquatic habitat acidic habitat
                                                                                                1. cell wall made up of cellulose fibrils
                                                                                                  1. free-floating phytoplankton
                                                                                                    1. have flagella for movement
                                                                                                      1. aquatic
                                                                                                        1. planktonic
                                                                                                          1. benthic
                                                                                                            1. neustonic
                                                                                                            2. terrestrial
                                                                                                              1. divided into
                                                                                                                1. chlorophyta (green algae)
                                                                                                                  1. chlorophyll a & b
                                                                                                                  2. rhodophyta (red algae)
                                                                                                                    1. chlorophyll a & d , phycocyanin , phycoerythrin
                                                                                                                    2. phaeophyta (brown algae)
                                                                                                                      1. chlorophyll a & c , xanhtophylls
                                                                                                                      2. chrysophyta (diatoms)
                                                                                                                        1. chlorophyll a & c
                                                                                                                        2. pyrrophyta (dinoflagellates)
                                                                                                                          1. chlorophyll a & c
                                                                                                                          2. euglenophyta (considered with the protozoa)
                                                                                                                            1. chlorophyll a & b , carotene
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