Language and thought

Kirsten Sjostrom
Mind Map by Kirsten Sjostrom, updated more than 1 year ago
Kirsten Sjostrom
Created by Kirsten Sjostrom about 5 years ago
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language
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Language and thought
1 4 properties of language
1.1 Symbolic
1.2 Semantic
1.3 Generative
1.4 Structured
2 morphemes-smallest unit of meaning 50,000 in English, root words, prefixes, suffixes
2.1 semantics- meaning of words and word combinations
2.1.1 syntax- a system of rules for arranging words into sentences
2.2 phonemes smallest speech units 100 possible, English – about 40
3 cognitive revolution- Behaviourist focus on overt responses arguments regarding incomplete picture of human functioning. Empirical study of cognition – 1956 conference Simon and Newell – problem solving Chomsky – new model of language Miller – memory
4 development of human language- 1 year – first word similar cross-culturally – words for parents receptive vs. expressive language
4.1 18-24 months – vocabulary spurt fast mapping over and underextensions
4.2 End of second year – combine words Telegraphic speech Mean Length of Utterance (MLU)
4.3 End of third year – complex ideas, plural, past tense
5 irrelevant info and functional fixedness-thinking of an object as only functioning in its usual way To overcome functional fixedness, you must think of the matchbox, tacks, and candle all functioning in new ways.
6 mental set-persistence in using strategies that have worked in the past. must think outside of the box
7 problem solving stratagies
7.1 Step 1: Preparation- identifying, separating, and defining.
7.1.1 Step 2: Production- generating possible solutions (hypotheses) by using algorithms and heuristics
7.1.1.1 Step 3: Evaluation- judging hypotheses in Step 2 against the criteria in Step 1.
8 behaviourist- believe that all learning is acquired step-by-step, through associations and reinforcements
8.1 nativist- learning the rules of language Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
8.1.1 interactionist- Cognitive, social communication, and emergentist theories
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