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language frameworks

Description

a level english language (analysing language ) Mind Map on language frameworks, created by molls shaw on 11/23/2015.
molls shaw
Mind Map by molls shaw, updated more than 1 year ago
molls shaw
Created by molls shaw over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

language frameworks
  1. Grasp'm
    1. genre
      1. a group of texts with the same features
        1. eg: letters, reports, poems, stories
          1. each genre has a different writing style
        2. you can also group similar genres together
          1. according to how they use language
            1. each group of genres is called a field
              1. eg music, literature and conversation
                1. each field has field-specific lexis/vocab used within that particular topic
        3. register
          1. type of language used in different situations
            1. is it informal or formal
              1. this will depend on the situation: audience, purpose, field, form
                1. it varies in terms of lexis, grammar and phonology
          2. audience
            1. is the group of people that the text is aimed at
              1. intended audiences can vary from the very general to the specific
                1. the listener or reader, formal, informal, direct or indirect
              2. subject
                1. what the discourse is about
                  1. this will affect the lexis, grammar, phonology
                2. purpose
                  1. texts will try to achieve a purpose
                    1. inform, explain, persuade, entertain, entertain, instruct
                  2. mode
                    1. spoken of written
                      1. or multimodal containing features of both spoken and written
                  3. analysing texts
                    1. main language frameworks
                      1. lexis
                        1. vocabulary
                          1. words that share a similar topic of focus are known as a lexical field
                        2. semantics
                          1. the study of how meaning is created through words and phrases
                            1. a word can have a literal meaning but it can also be associated with other meanings
                          2. phonology
                            1. is the study of sounds - how they are produced and how theyre combined to make words
                              1. this framework includes paralinguistic features and prosody feature
                                1. prosody features: pace, stress, ryhthm, inotonation
                            2. grammar
                              1. the system of rules that governs how words and sentences are constructed
                                1. 1) a system that groups words into classes according to their functions eg nouns and verbs
                                  1. 2) a system of rules about how these types of words function in relation to eachother (syntax)
                                    1. 3) the individual units that make up whole words (morphology)
                              2. pragmatics
                                1. the study of meaning in interaction
                                  1. the hidden meanings of things said
                                2. discourse
                                  1. is an extended piece of spoken or written language, made up of more than one utterance (in SL), or more than one sentence in (WL)
                                  2. phonetics
                                    1. deals with the production of speech sounds by humans
                                      1. how we make the sounds which we use to communicate
                                    2. syntax
                                      1. the order in which we put words to make sensical units of meaning
                                        1. phrases, clauses, sentences
                                          1. we know these rules even though we havent learnt them formally
                                      2. morphology
                                        1. how words are formed
                                          1. breaking down words into smaller units of meaning
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