Utilitarianism Overview

Summer Pearce
Mind Map by Summer Pearce, updated more than 1 year ago
Summer Pearce
Created by Summer Pearce over 4 years ago
6
1

Description

AS - Level (Year 1) Ethics (Utilitarianism) Mind Map on Utilitarianism Overview, created by Summer Pearce on 12/30/2015.

Resource summary

Utilitarianism Overview
1 teleological theory
1.1 looks at results/consequences when considering morality
2 consequentialist
2.1 an action is right or wrong dependent on its consequences
3 Act Utilitarianism
3.1 Jeremy Bentham
3.1.1 empirical observation
3.1.1.1 believed that theories should be supported by evidence
3.1.2 scientific
3.1.2.1 believed the study of ethics should be undertaken in a practical way
3.1.3 his theories led to extensive social reform
3.1.3.1 changes to criminal justice, jury system, prison, saving banks and cheap postage
3.2 Hedonic Calculus
3.2.1 amount of pain & pleasure
3.2.1.1 all pain & pleasure is equal
3.3 all people considered
3.4 each action is judged individually
3.5 hedonistic
4 Principle of utility
4.1 greatest happiness for the greatest number
5 Rule Utilitarianism
5.1 rule is devised and then followed in a specific case
5.2 higher and lower pleasures
5.2.1 quality over quantity
5.3 John Stuart Mill
6 Preference Utilitarianism
6.1 should satisfy people's preferences rather than maximise pleasure
6.1.1 e.g) dying wishes
6.2 Peter Singer
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