the biological approach to treating OCD

Daisy  U
Mind Map by Daisy U, updated more than 1 year ago
Daisy  U
Created by Daisy U about 4 years ago
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AS - Level psychology (chapter 5 - psychopathology ) Mind Map on the biological approach to treating OCD, created by Daisy U on 01/31/2016.

Resource summary

the biological approach to treating OCD
1 Drug Therapy
1.1 aims to increase or decrease levels of neurotransmitters
1.1.1 SSRI
1.1.1.1 work on the serotonin system in the brain
1.1.1.1.1 how? serotonin
1.1.1.1.1.1 serotonin - released by presynaptic neurons, travels across synapse
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 neurotransmitter conveys the signals to postsynaptic neurons
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 then reabsorbed by presynaptic neuron (then broken down and reabsorbed)
1.1.1.2 how? SSRI
1.1.1.2.1 prevents reabsorption of presynaptic neuron
1.1.1.2.1.1 increases level in synapse
1.1.1.3 3 -4 months of daily use
1.1.2 combining SSRIs & CBT
1.1.2.1 drugs reduce emotional symptoms
1.1.2.1.1 can engage in CBT better
1.1.3 alternatives
1.1.3.1 Tricyclic
1.1.3.1.1 older type of antidepressant
1.1.3.1.1.1 clomipramine
1.1.3.1.1.1.1 same effect on serotonin system as SSRI
1.1.3.1.1.1.1.1 more serious side effects
1.1.3.2 SNRIs
1.1.3.2.1 increase levels of serotonin & noradrenaline
1.1.3.2.1.1 second line of defence
2 Evaluation
2.1 effective at tackling symptoms
2.1.1 Soomero
2.1.1.1 all 17 studies showed better results with SSRIs
2.1.1.1.1 greatest when combined with CBT
2.1.1.1.2 workd for about 70% of patients
2.1.1.1.2.1 other 30% use different drugs
2.2 cost effective & non disruptive
2.2.1 cheap compared to CBT
2.2.1.1 good for NHS
2.2.2 don't have to do any hard work like CBT
2.3 they can have side effects
2.3.1 e.g.
2.3.1.1 indigestion
2.3.1.2 blurred vision
2.3.1.3 loss of sex drive
2.3.2 clomipramine
2.3.2.1 more serious
2.3.2.1.1 1 in 10
2.3.2.1.1.1 erection problems
2.3.2.1.1.2 tremors
2.3.2.1.1.3 gain weight
2.3.2.1.2 1 in 100
2.3.2.1.2.1 aggressive
2.3.2.1.2.2 disruption to blood pressure & heart rhythm
3 evaluation +
3.1 unreliable evidence
3.1.1 research sponsored by the drug companies
3.1.1.1 may be biased
3.2 cases that follow trauma
3.2.1 drugs may not be appropriate
3.2.1.1 a more cognitive approach may be better
3.2.1.1.1 gets to the root of the problem
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