THE HOME FRONT

lucygogoliuk
Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

Higher History (The Home Front) Mind Map on THE HOME FRONT, created by lucygogoliuk on 12/15/2013.

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lucygogoliuk
Created by lucygogoliuk almost 6 years ago
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THE HOME FRONT
1 Conscientious Obejection
1.1 As soon as the war started 5000 people attended an anti-war demonstration held in glasgow.
1.2 The Union of Democratic Control was formed mostly out of anti-war Liberals but represented a range of opinions including some of those who fought in the war.
1.3 Some individual socialists like John Mclean, opposed the war on ideological grounds.
1.3.1 They believed that it was an imperialist war based on greed for redivision of the world among the imperialist powers.
1.4 The Society of Friends (Quakers) opposed the war on religious grounds.
1.4.1 They believed the war was against the principles of Christianity and the commandment "Thou Shall not Kill"
1.4.1.1 Some members of Scottish churches agreed with them.
1.5 "Conchies"
1.5.1 Absolutists opposed any work whatsoever that helped Britain with the war effort.
1.5.1.1 more than 1500 pacifists refused all military work.
1.5.2 Alternatives took civilian work but not supervised by the military.
1.5.3 Around 7000 conscientious objectors agreed to perform non-combat duties such as stretcher bearers and ambulance drivers on the front line.
2 Conscription
2.1 No Conscription Fellowship was formed specifically to oppose the introduction of conscription.
2.1.1 NCF consisted not only of men of military age, but of women and men too old for military service.
2.2 Exemptions
2.2.1 Men involved in work of national importance.
2.3 recruitment had fallen from 300,00 each month to about 120,000
3 Changing Role of Women
3.1 Dilution
3.1.1 By 1916 women in Scotland became a huge part of the work force
3.1.1.1
3.2 Rent Strikes of 1915
3.2.1 Militant women played a large role.
3.2.2 Showed that women could orginise themselves and take on authority to change their conditions during the war.
3.3 The Scottish Suffragettes suspended their campaign at the outset go war, some started a pro-war campaign.
3.4 Mary Chisholm
3.5 Elsie Inglis
3.5.1 Driving force to creating the Scottish Women's Hospitals Committee.
3.5.1.1 sent over 1000 women doctors, nurses, orderlies and drivers to war zones across Europe and the Balkans,
3.5.2 Scottish Women's Hospitals with a much lower rate of death and disease than the other traditional military hospitals.
3.6 AFTERMATH OF WAR.
3.6.1 Women over 30 owning property gained the vote.
3.6.2 Many lost their jobs in heavy industry and went back to domestic service
4 DORA
4.1 The Land Question
4.2 Opposition to DORA
5 Commemoration and Remembrance
6 Independent Labour Party ILP
6.1 Instantly attacked the Labour Party's support for Kitchener's recruitment.
6.2 Accounted for 70% of those who became conscientious objectors and were brought in front of tribunals.
6.3 It remained opposed to the capalist nature of the war.

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