BIOLOGY: The Variety of Life

Mary Honey
Mind Map by Mary Honey, updated more than 1 year ago
Mary Honey
Created by Mary Honey over 6 years ago
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Mind Map on BIOLOGY: The Variety of Life, created by Mary Honey on 12/16/2013.
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BIOLOGY: The Variety of Life
1 CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING ORGANISMS
1.1 NUTRITION
1.1.1 The taking in of nutrients which are organic substances and mineral ions, containing raw materials or energy for growth and tissue repair, absorbing and assimilating them.
1.2 EXCRETION
1.2.1 The removal from organisms of toxic materials, the waste products of metabolism (chemical reactions in cells including respiration) and substances in excess of requirements.
1.3 RESPIRATION
1.3.1 The chemical reactions that break down nutrient molecules in living cells to release energy.
1.4 SENSITIVITY
1.4.1 The ability to detect or sense changes in the environment (stimuli) and to make responses.
1.5 REPRODUCTION
1.5.1 The processes that make more of the same kind of organism.
1.6 GROWTH
1.6.1 A permanent increase in size and dry mass by an increase in cell number or cell size or both
1.7 MOVEMENT
1.7.1 An action by an organism or part of an organism causing a change of position or place.
2 BINOMIAL SYSTEM
2.1 Naming species as a system in which the scientific name of an organism is made up of two parts showing the GENUS and SPECIES.
3 VERTEBRATES
3.1 BONEY FISH
3.1.1 Fins, scales, gills, external fertilisation.
3.1.2 Herring (sea), pike (freshwater).
3.2 AMPHIBIANS
3.2.1 Thin, moist skin, breathe through skin, small lungs, external fertilisation, aquatic larvae.
3.2.2 Frog, newt.
3.3 REPTILES
3.3.1 Hard scales, lungs, internal fertilisation, soft-shelled eggs.
3.3.2 Crocodiles, snakes, lizards.
3.4 BIRDS
3.4.1 Feathers, beaks, wings, lungs, internal fertilisation, hard-shelled eggs.
3.4.2 Stork, eagle, penguin.
3.5 MAMMALS
3.5.1 Hair/fur, lungs, internal fertilisation, feed young with milk from mammary glands, viviparous (offspring kept inside female's body and fed through placenta).
3.5.2 Blue whale, bats, humans, lions.
4 CLASSIFICATION GROUPS
4.1 Kingdom
4.1.1 Phylum
4.1.1.1 Class
4.1.1.1.1 Order
4.1.1.1.1.1 Family
4.1.1.1.1.1.1 Genus
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Species
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