Theft - Section 1, Theft Act 1968

Daniel Peck
Mind Map by Daniel Peck, updated more than 1 year ago
Daniel Peck
Created by Daniel Peck about 4 years ago
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Description

Theft definition and associated learning points, created 2016.

Resource summary

Theft - Section 1, Theft Act 1968
1 Dishonest
1.1 Section 2, Theft Act 1968
1.1.1 What is not Dishonest
1.1.1.1 Believed - Had a right to it in Law
1.1.1.2 Believed - If the owner knew of the appropriation + Circumstances they would have consented
1.1.1.3 The owner cannot be discovered
1.1.2 R v GOSH
1.1.2.1 Step 1 - A reasonable and honest person would view the act as dishonest
1.1.2.2 Step 2 - The defendant realised by the standardsof a reasonable and honest person they were dishonest
2 Appropriation
2.1 Section 3, Theft Act 1968
2.1.1 Assuming the rights f the owner i.e. treating as your own
2.1.1.1 Appropriation is possible even when the victim consents
2.1.1.1.1 R v Lawrence [1982] (Taxi driver)
2.1.1.1.2 R v Gomez [1993] (Electrical Shop)
2.1.1.2 Exceptions
2.1.1.2.1 A purchase for the value
2.1.1.2.2 Acting in good faith
2.1.1.2.2.1 Legitimate car auction - Good faith
2.1.1.2.2.2 Buying from a bloke in the pub - Not Good Faith
2.1.1.2.3 Assuming the rights of the owner
3 Property
3.1 Section 4, Theft Act 1968
3.1.1 What is Property?
3.1.1.1 Money
3.1.1.1.1 R v Kohn (Bank account in credit/within overdraft)
3.1.1.2 Real - Land, things forming part of land
3.1.1.2.1 Land cannot be stolen
3.1.1.2.1.1 3 Execptions
3.1.1.2.1.1.1 Trustees/PR's (breach of confidence)
3.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 Possession (Severing it)
3.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1 Tenants (Fixtures and structures)
3.1.1.3 Buildings
3.1.1.4 Personal, moveable things (TV, CD etc)
3.1.1.5 Things in Action - patents, trademarks, copyrights
3.1.1.6 Other tangible property - gas.
3.1.1.6.1 A Corpse is not property and cannot be stolen
3.1.1.6.1.1 Unless changed in some way. E.g. Amputation, Dissection, Preservation. N.B. Bodily fluids are property and can be stolen.
3.1.1.7 Items that cannot physically be stolen (Trade secrets)
3.1.2 Oxford v Moss (reading a script - not theft)
3.1.3 Things Growing wild?
3.1.3.1 Not an Offence to pick -
3.1.3.1.1 Mushrooms
3.1.3.1.1.1 Flowers
3.1.3.1.1.1.1 Fruits
3.1.3.1.1.1.1.1 Foliage
3.1.3.1.1.1.1.1.1 On Any land
3.1.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Extecption
3.1.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 For Sale
3.1.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 Reward
3.1.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.3 Other commercial Purpose
3.1.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.4 Offence Complete if intention exists at time of picking
3.1.4 Wild Animals?
3.1.4.1 Cannot be stolen unless
3.1.4.1.1 Tamed
3.1.4.1.2 Ordinarily Kept in captivity
3.1.4.1.3 In course of or reduced into possession & possession has not been lost or abandoned - Fisherman
4 Belonging to Another
4.1 Section 5, Theft Act 1968
4.1.1 Who does property belong to?
4.1.1.1 A person who has;
4.1.1.1.1 A propriety interest in it
4.1.1.1.2 Possession of it
4.1.1.1.3 Control of it
4.1.1.1.3.1 R v Turner - (Computer shop)
4.1.2 R v Rostron/Collinson
4.1.2.1 No requirement to find the owner
5 Intent to Permanently Deprive
5.1 Section 6, Theft Act 1968
5.1.1 Treating property as their own regardless of owners rights (Borrowed Fridge)
5.1.2 Borrowing beyond agreed terms (season Ticket)
5.1.3 Parting with property under condition for return (Pawning others property)
5.1.4 Property received by others mistake
5.1.4.1 Duty to restore (Too much change)
5.1.4.1.1 (Gambling not legally enforceable)
5.1.5 Received by your mistake
5.1.5.1 No duty to restore (Payroll)
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