cultural variation in attachment

Daisy  U
Mind Map by Daisy U, updated more than 1 year ago
Daisy  U
Created by Daisy U about 4 years ago


AS - Level psychology (chapter 3 - attachment ) Mind Map on cultural variation in attachment, created by Daisy U on 02/10/2016.

Resource summary

cultural variation in attachment
1 studies of cultural variations
1.1 Ijzendoorn & Kroonenberg
1.1.1 looked at proportions of the 3 types of attachments in different countries procedure meta analysed 32 studies of the strange situation 8 countries 15/32 in the USA 1990 children findings secure was most common insecure resistant least common - mainly in collective insecure avoidant - mainly in individualistic
2 other places
2.1 Italy
2.1.1 Simonella 76, 12 month olds 50% secure 36% insecure avoidant more mothers working longer hours cultural differences make a big difference
2.2 Korea
2.2.1 Jin 87 children similar to Japan mainly secure or insecure resistant
2.3 conclusion
2.3.1 secure is the norm supporting Bowlby that attachment is innate
2.3.2 still differences depending where it is
3 evaluation
3.1 large samples
3.1.1 combined results increases internal validity reduces anomalous results
3.2 unrepresentative to culture
3.2.1 comparisons between countries not cultures within countries many different cultures
3.2.2 e.g. urban Japan = similar to Western countries rural = more insecure resistant
3.3 method of assessment in biased
3.3.1 imposed etic applying a foreign technique/ theory to another country
4 evaluation +
4.1 alternative explanation for cultural similarity
4.1.1 Bowlby = attachment are innate (should be the same everywhere)
4.1.2 Ijzendoorn & Kroonenberg differences due to media
4.2 the strange situation lacks validity
4.2.1 Kagan suggested = attachment is down to temperament is the strange situation simply measuring anxiety
Show full summary Hide full summary


History of Psychology
Biological Psychology - Stress
Gurdev Manchanda
Psychology A1
Ellie Hughes
Psychology subject map
Jake Pickup
Memory Key words
Sammy :P
Psychology | Unit 4 | Addiction - Explanations
Bowlby's Theory of Attachment
Jessica Phillips
The Biological Approach to Psychology
Gabby Wood
Cognitive Psychology - Capacity and encoding
Tess W
Chapter 5: Short-term and Working Memory
Psychology and the MCAT
Sarah Egan