Environmental Chemistry

Patricia Rothen
Mind Map by Patricia Rothen, updated more than 1 year ago
Patricia Rothen
Created by Patricia Rothen about 7 years ago
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Chemistry HL Mind Map on Environmental Chemistry, created by Patricia Rothen on 04/14/2013.
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Environmental Chemistry
1 Pollutant
1.1 Primary
1.1.1 Carbon Monoxide
1.1.1.1 Lean-Burn Engines
1.1.1.2 Catalytic Converters
1.1.1.3 Thermal Converters
1.1.2 Nitrogen Oxides
1.1.2.1 Lean-Burn Engines
1.1.2.2 Three-Way Catalytic Converters
1.1.2.3 Exhaust Gas Recirculation
1.1.3 Sulfur Dioxide
1.1.3.1 Control
1.1.3.1.1 Pre-combustion
1.1.3.1.1.1 Crush and wash coal
1.1.3.1.2 Post-combustion
1.1.3.1.2.1 Alkaline Scrubbing
1.1.3.1.2.2 Fluidized-bed Combustion
1.1.3.1.2.3 Low-sulfur content coal
1.2 Secondary
1.2.1 Nitrogen Dioxide
1.2.2 Sulfur Dioxide/Trioxide
2 Particulates
2.1 Aerosol
2.2 Control
2.2.1 Gravitational Settling
2.2.2 Filtration
2.2.3 Centrifugal Separation
2.2.4 Settling Tanks
2.2.5 Electrostatic Precipitation
2.2.6 Wet scrubbers, Cyclone separators
2.3 Lower T
3 Volatile Organic Compounds
3.1 Control
3.1.1 Oxidation Catalytic Converter
3.1.2 Thermal Exhaust Reactors
4 Smog
4.1 Photochemical
4.1.1 Nitrogen Monoxide
4.1.2 Nitrogen Dioxide
4.1.3 Ozone
4.1.4 Hydrocarbon Radicals
4.1.5 Aldehydes
4.1.6 Nitric Acid
4.1.7 Peroxyacylnitrates
4.2 'Pea Soup'
4.3 Thermal Inversions
5 Acid Deposition
5.1 Wet Deposition
5.1.1 Acid Rain
5.1.1.1 Formation
5.1.1.1.1 Nitric Acid
5.1.1.1.2 Sulfuric Acid
5.1.1.1.3 Ammonia
5.2 Dry Deposition
5.3 Effects
5.3.1 Materials
5.3.1.1 Marble, Limestone
5.3.1.2 Metals
5.3.2 Plant Life
5.3.3 Water
5.3.4 Human Health
5.4 Control
5.4.1 Reduce NO/SO
5.4.2 Alternative Energy Sources
5.4.3 Neutralize Lakes
6 Greenhouse Effect
6.1 Greenhouse Factor
6.2 Gases
6.2.1 Water
6.2.2 Carbon Dioxide
6.2.3 Methane
6.2.4 CFCs
6.2.5 Ozone
6.2.6 Dinitrogen Oxide
6.2.7 Sulfur Hexafluoride
6.3 Effects
6.3.1 Agriculture
6.3.2 Biodistribution
6.3.3 Sea-Level
7 Ozone Depletion
7.1 Atmosphere
7.1.1 Mesosphere
7.1.2 Stratosphere
7.1.2.1 Oxygen Gas
7.1.2.2 Ozone
7.1.3 Troposphere
7.2 Steady State
7.3 Nitrogen Oxides, CFCs
7.3.1 Alternatives to CFCs
7.3.1.1 Hydrocarbons
7.3.1.2 Fluorocarbons
7.3.1.3 Hydrochlorofluorocarbons
7.3.1.4 Hydrofluorocarbons
7.4 Effect: Less UV protection
7.5 Polar Regions
8 Dissolved Oxygen in Water
8.1 BOD
8.1.1 Water Quality
8.1.2 Measurement
8.2 Anaerobic vs. Aerobic Decay
8.3 Eutrophication
8.3.1 Ion Exchange
8.3.2 Reverse Osmosis
8.4 Thermal Pollution
9 Water Treatment
9.1 Pollutants
9.1.1 Nitrate
9.1.2 Heavy Metals
9.1.2.1 Mercury
9.1.2.2 Lead
9.1.2.3 Cadmium
9.1.3 Pesticides
9.1.3.1 DDT
9.1.3.2 Dioxins
9.1.4 Polychlorinated Biphenyls
9.2 Waste Water
9.2.1 Primary Methods
9.2.2 Secondary Methods
9.2.2.1 Activated Sludge Process
9.2.3 Tertiary Methods
9.2.3.1 Precipitation
9.2.3.2 Ion Exchange
9.2.3.3 Biological Methods
9.2.3.4 Activated Carbon Bed
9.2.3.5 Distillation
9.2.3.6 Reverse Osmosis
9.3 Chlorine/Ozone Treatment
10 Soil
10.1 Humus
10.1.1 Buffer
10.2 Soil Degradation
10.2.1 Salinization
10.2.2 Nutrient Depletion
10.2.3 Soil Pollution
10.3 SOM
11 Water and Soil
11.1 Precipitation
11.2 Common Ion Effect
11.3 Clay
11.3.1 Cation Exchange
11.3.1.1 CEC
11.3.1.1.1 pH
12 Waste
12.1 Waste Disposal
12.1.1 Landfill
12.1.2 Incineration
12.1.3 Open Dumping
12.2 Recycling
12.2.1 Metals
12.2.2 Glass
12.2.3 Plastics
12.2.4 Paper
12.3 Nuclear Waste
12.3.1 Low Level
12.3.2 High Level
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