amines

Description

a level chem 4 Mind Map on amines, created by becca.dodd on 12/30/2013.
becca.dodd
Mind Map by becca.dodd, updated more than 1 year ago
becca.dodd
Created by becca.dodd over 10 years ago
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Resource summary

amines
  1. naming
    1. primary
      1. name carbon chain & 'amine' on end
      2. secondary
        1. longest chain & 'amine' on end -shortest chain goes first with 'N' infront
        2. tertiary
          1. longest chain & 'amine' on end -shortest chains in alphabetical order & 'NN' infont
        3. condensation reaction
          1. forms peptide bonds
            1. release water
              1. COOH + NH2 = O=C-NH
              2. acid hydrolysis
                1. use aq acid
                  1. water need
                    1. +ive charge amino acid formed
                      1. NH2 = NH3+
                      2. heat under reflux (24hrs)
                        1. use 6 mol dm-3 HCl
                      3. alkaline hydrolysis
                        1. aq NaOH used
                          1. temp- >100'c
                            1. sodium salts amino acids
                              1. C-O'Na+
                            2. polyamindes
                              1. diamide + dicarboxylic acid (2 different monomers)
                                1. example nylon & kevlar
                                  1. used in clothing
                                2. amino acids (same monomer)
                                  1. example proteins
                                  2. releases water
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