erica28
Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

AS Psychology (PSYA1) Mind Map on Daycare, created by erica28 on 01/04/2014.

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erica28
Created by erica28 almost 6 years ago
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Daycare
1 Nursery - Pre-school children can have whole or half days with paid professional workers.
2 Child minder - Takes the child to their home and gets paid.
3 Peer Relations
3.1 + Shea (1981) - Shea video taped 3 & 4 year old children at playtime during their first 10 weeks of nursery. He found that children became more sociable the longer they were in day care. They stood closer together and engaged in more rough and tumble play, and move further way from teachers. This concludes that day care helps improve social development and peer relationships.
3.2 + Clarke - Stewart (1994) - Studied 150 children attending school for the first time. They had experienced different forms of daycare. He found that children who had attended nurseries could cope better in social situations, and were able to interact better with peers, compared with children who had been previously looked after in family settings. He concluded that being in day care helps social development and peer relations.
3.3 + Andersson (1989-1992) - He studied the social and cognitive progress of children attending swedish day care. He found that children who attended day care were able to get along with other children better, were more sociable and outgoing, and had better abilities to play with their peers than children who did not attend day care. Being in day care helps social development and improves peer relations.
3.4 + EPPE Project - Studied of 3000 children between 3 and 7 years old. They found that children who attended daycare showed increased independence and peer sociability at 5 years. This study also found that an early start in day care between 2 & 3 years old was also linked to being more socialble with children. Being in daycare helps social development and improves peer relations.
3.5 - DiLalla (1988) - carried out a correlation study into time spent in daycare and pro social behaviour. He found a negative correlation between the amount of time spent in daycare and pro social behaviour : children who spent more time in day care were less cooperative and helpful in their dealings with other children. Day care harms peer relations.
4 Aggression
4.1 - NICHD (1991) - Over 1000 american children from families with very different backgrounds were screened in a longitudinal study. At aged 5 the study found that the more time a child spent in day care the more aggressive they became. Children in full time day care were almost 3 times more likely to show behavioural problems than those cared for at home - behaviour problems included arguing, temper, tantrums, lying and hitting. There is a positive correlation between time spent in daycare and amount of aggressive behaviour, therefore this suggests that day acre and aggressiveness are linked.
4.2 + Shea et al (1981) - Shea video taped 3 & 4 year old children at playtime during there first 10 weeks at school. He found that children became more sociable the longer they were at nursery. The amount of aggressive behaviour decreased towards one another. These changed were greater in children attending for 5 days a weeks compared to those attending 2 days a week. Daycare can increase sociability and decrease aggression.

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