Biological Treatments For Abnormality

Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

A Levels Psychology (Unit 2 - Abnormality) Mind Map on Biological Treatments For Abnormality, created by danny-hudson97 on 01/05/2014.

Created by danny-hudson97 almost 6 years ago
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Biological Treatments For Abnormality
1 Pshychosurgery
1.1 Systematically damages the brain in order to change behaviour.
1.2 It was use to be used for schizophrenia until drugs were introduced.
1.3 Limitations
1.3.1 So rare now it's so hard to judge its effectiveness
1.3.2 Ethical issues as damage to the brain are irreversible and had unpredicable circumstances
1.4 Strengths
1.4.1 Made patients more manageable
1.5 Most dramatic use of psychosurgery was Frontal Lobotonomy used throughout 1940s-1950s
2 Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
2.1 Involved passing a small electronic current through the brain. Was found that ECT could be effective for treating some forms of severe depression and became a good form of antidepressant
2.2 Limitation
2.2.1 Violent assault on the brain and given in series. Could lead to long term memory impairments
2.2.2 Patients can not give 100% informed consent as are unsure of the full affects of the procedure
2.3 Stengths
2.3.1 Can be an effective antidepressant treatment if unresponsive to all other thereapies
3 Drugs
3.1 Drugs are the most common prescription that will be offered to patients nowadays
3.2 Schizophrenia
3.2.1 Hallucination, delusions, loss of insight and contact with reality
3.2.2 1936 Moniz intro. frontal lobotonomy (a psychosurgical operation) which only made the patient more manageable and only targeted the symptoms
3.2.3 1952 - french doctor tried out a drug called chlorpromazine, this reduced post operation stress. The drug reduced symptons such as hallucinations, delusions and thought disorder
3.2.4 2000s - New drugs have been even more effective in the past 15 years which have fewer side effects.
3.3 Strengths
3.3.1 Effective at supressing the symptoms of schizophrenia and allow many people to live normal lives because of drug therapy
3.4 Limitations
3.4.1 Only effective for only 50-60% of patients
3.4.2 Do no cure the disorder and symptoms will return to 80% of patients who come off drugs
3.4.3 Side affects will occur such as movement disorders, lowers number of white blood cells

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