Psychodynamic Treatments For Abnormality

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Mind Map by danny-hudson97, updated more than 1 year ago
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A Levels Psychology (Unit 2 - Abnormality) Mind Map on Psychodynamic Treatments For Abnormality, created by danny-hudson97 on 05/01/2014.
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Psychodynamic Treatments For Abnormality
1 Free Association
1.1 The client will be encouraged to express anything that comes to his mind
1.2 With each incident the client will share, wihich may then, through free association of ideas, lead to other thoughts and memories perhaps extending back to their childhood
1.3 The client must not leave out the material at all and in his freewill way ego defences may be lowered and repressed material accessed.
1.4 The therapist will intervene as specific times or set the themes for discussion that can be analysed further during the therapeutic process
1.5 Freud introduced free association to try and get around the defences put up by the ego and so bring the surface material from the unconcious.
2 Dream Analysis
2.1 Freud referred to dreams as - 'The royal way to the unconcious'
2.2 During dreams the normal barriers to unconcious material were lifted and the symbolic imagery of dreams was a reflection of this unconcious material
2.3 By analysing the contents of dreams the therapist might be able to identify significant conflicts repressed into the uncoincious
2.4 Freuds understanding of dreams
2.4.1 Dreams have an obvious content that the client can recall. This is referred to as the manifest content
2.4.2 Beneath the manifest content lies the actual meaning of the dream that could only be revealed through the therapists interpretation. This is referred to as the latent content
2.4.3 The dream work was the process by which the latent content was distorted into the manifest content. This can happen through various processes.
3 Projective Tests
3.1 Used in a variety of Psychodynamic approaches. In these tests the client are required to project or impose their own thoughts and associations on some particular stimulus material
3.2 Rorschach ink blot test - The client is presented with a series of ink blot shapes and are asked what the shapes mean to them, and by repeating this with a sequence of different blots particular themed and anxieties may emerge
4 Evaluation of Psychodynamic Treatments
4.1 Strengths
4.1.1 These therapies accept that human beings are complicated and that many adult disorders may have their roots in childhood and in repressed material. TRUE
4.1.2 Length of treatment – More than 450 patients showed that longer psychotherapeutic treatments took, the better outcomes were.
4.1.3 Effectiveness – 805 benefited from psychoanalysis compared t0 65% from eclectic therapies.
4.2 Limitations
4.2.1 As their is a need to access the roots of psychopathology, psychodynamic thereapy can be very time consuming (months-years) and thus means more expensive. Brief sessions have become available
4.2.2 Session depend on the capability of the client being able to develop insights into their own condition. If this can not be managed the sessions will not be able to run.
4.2.3 Not suitable for all disorders
4.2.4 Ethical issues may occur when the person opens up, may become traumatic or stressed
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