Cell Signaling

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Chapter 15: Cell Signaling

Resource summary

Cell Signaling
1 Cell Surface Receptor Proteins
1.1 Enzyme Coupled Receptor
1.2 G-Protein Coupled Receptor
1.3 Intracellular Signaling Molecules
1.3.1 Small Chemicals
1.3.1.1 cAMP
1.3.1.2 Ca2+
1.3.1.3 "2nd Messengers"
1.3.2 Proteins
1.3.2.1 Molecular Switches
1.3.2.1.1 Phosphorylation/Dephosphorylation
1.3.2.1.1.1 Tyrosine Kinases
1.3.2.1.1.2 "Kinase Cascades"
1.3.2.1.1.3 Serine/Threonine Kinases
1.3.2.1.2 GTP/GDP binding
1.3.2.1.2.1 GAPs+GEFs
1.3.2.1.2.2 Trimeric G-Proteins
1.3.2.1.2.3 Monomeric GTPases
1.3.2.2 Generate 2nd Messengers
1.3.2.3 Caspases
1.4 Ion-Channel Coupled Receptor
1.4.1 Nerve Cells
2 Types of Signal Molecules
2.1 Proteins
2.2 Neurotransmitters
2.3 Gases
2.4 Fatty Acids
3 Signaling Characteristics
3.1 Scaffolding Proteins
3.2 Differences in Responses
3.2.1
3.2.2
4 Distance
4.1 Long Distance
4.1.1 Endocrine
4.1.2 Synaptic
4.2 Short Distance
4.2.1 Autocrine
4.2.2 Paracrine
4.2.3 Contact Dependent
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