resistance to social influence

Daisy  U
Mind Map by Daisy U, updated more than 1 year ago
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AS - Level psychology (chapter 1 - social influence ) Mind Map on resistance to social influence, created by Daisy U on 03/26/2016.
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resistance to social influence
1 social support
1.1 conformity
1.1.1 pressure to conform is reduced if other people do not conform
1.1.1.1 Asch
1.1.1.1.1 even if the person doesn't agree with you but goes against the group - acts as a model
1.1.1.1.1.1 effect not long lasting as if the person then agrees with the group so will the participant
1.2 obedience
1.2.1 pressure to obey reduced if others do not obey
1.2.1.1 Milgram
1.2.1.1.1 obedience dropped to 10% when the participant was joined with a confederate
1.2.1.1.1.1 again do not have to agree but frees up their own conscience
2 locus of control
2.1 Rotter
2.1.1 internal vs external control
2.1.2 internal
2.1.2.1 control their own destiny
2.1.3 external
2.1.3.1 do not have control
2.2 continuum
2.2.1 as well as high internal/ external you can be in the middle
2.3 resistance to social influence
2.3.1 internal
2.3.1.1 resist pressures to conform / obey
2.3.1.1.1 more self confident
2.3.1.1.2 more achievement orientated
2.3.1.1.3 higher intelligence
2.3.1.1.4 less need for social approval
3 evaluation - social support
3.1 research support - conformity
3.1.1 Allen & Levine
3.1.1.1 conformity decreased when someone disagreed (in an Asch like study)
3.1.1.1.1 even when the person who disagreed wore glasses - couldn't judge line length
3.1.1.1.1.1 supports that resistance isn't just to follow what someone says but frees up your own opinion
3.2 research support - obedience
3.2.1 Gamson
3.2.1.1 higher levels of resistance than Milgram
3.2.1.1.1 participants were in groups
3.2.1.1.1.1 29 out of 33 (88%) rebelled
3.2.1.1.1.1.1 peer support = greater resistance
4 evaluation - locus of control
4.1 research support
4.1.1 Holland
4.1.1.1 repeated Milgram's baseline study
4.1.1.1.1 measured whether people were internal or external
4.1.1.1.1.1 37% internals did not go all the way
4.1.1.1.1.2 23% externals did not go all the way
4.1.2 increases validity
4.2 contradictory research
4.2.1 Twenge
4.2.1.1 analysed data from American studies over 40 years
4.2.1.1.1 found people have become more external however more resistant to obedience
4.2.1.1.1.1 however this could be due to a change I society
5 evaluation +
5.1 limited role of loc
5.1.1 Rotter found that the role of loc may have been exaggerated
5.1.1.1 it has little influence in familiar situations (previous experience will be more important)
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