Cell Structure & Analysis

humza tahir
Mind Map by humza tahir, updated more than 1 year ago
humza tahir
Created by humza tahir about 4 years ago
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AS - Level Biology Unit 1 Mind Map on Cell Structure & Analysis, created by humza tahir on 04/05/2016.
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Cell Structure & Analysis
1 Eukaryotic Cells
1.1 Have a Nucleus
1.2 Organelles
1.2.1 Nucleus
1.2.2 Ribosomes
1.2.3 Mitochondria
1.2.4 Smooth ER
1.2.5 Rough ER
1.2.6 Nucleolus
1.2.7 Lysosomes
1.2.8 Golgi appratus
1.2.9 Vessicles
1.2.10 Cytoplasm
1.2.11 Chloroplasts - Plant and Algal cells
1.2.12 Cell wall - Plant, Algal & Fungal cells
1.2.13 Cell membrane
2 Prokaryotic Cells
2.1 No Nucleus
2.2 Organelles
2.2.1 Plasmids
2.2.2 Cytoplasm
2.2.3 Ribosomes
2.2.4 Cell wall
2.2.5 Cell membrane
2.2.6 Capsule (Some)
2.2.7 Pilus
2.2.8 Flagella
2.2.9 Free floating DNA
3 Analysis Of Cells
3.1 Conditions
3.1.1 Isotonic - Maintain water potential
3.1.1.1 Prevent organelles bursting or shrinking
3.1.2 Buffer - Maintain Ph
3.1.3 Ice Cold - prevent/ lower enzyme activity
3.1.4 Filtration - Remove any debris
3.1.5 Homogenisation - Release organelles
3.2 Microscopes
3.2.1 Optical
3.2.1.1 Low magnification
3.2.1.2 Low Resolution
3.2.1.3 Cheap
3.2.2 Electron
3.2.2.1 Scanning
3.2.2.1.1 3D Image
3.2.2.1.2 Thick specimen
3.2.2.1.3 Lower Resolution than Transmission
3.2.2.1.4 Scan beam of electrons across sample
3.2.2.2 Tranmission
3.2.2.2.1 Higher Resolution
3.2.2.2.2 Thin specimen
3.2.2.2.3 Dead samples only
3.2.2.2.4 Beam of focused electrons
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