Why do realists believe that global politics is characterised by conflict?

ktuffin_95
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A Levels Government and Politics (Approaches to Global Politics) Mind Map on Why do realists believe that global politics is characterised by conflict?, created by ktuffin_95 on 01/25/2014.

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ktuffin_95
Created by ktuffin_95 over 5 years ago
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Why do realists believe that global politics is characterised by conflict?
1 The Nature of States

Annotations:

  • States are the key global actors and, being sovereign, act autonomously.  
1.1 Power

Annotations:

  • The primary motive of a state is the pursuit of power and self-interest. 
1.1.1 Human Nature

Annotations:

  • Selfish  Greedy  Power seeking
1.1.2 Power Politics

Annotations:

  • Power defined by military capacity. Ability to enforce will elsewhere.  Resist aggression by other states.
1.2 Applicable to all states

Annotations:

  • Despite constitutional character (e.g. UK and USA include aid grants and so on in their foreign policy, but this is very Machiavellian)
2 The International System

Annotations:

  • anarchical - no power above the sovereign state. 
2.1 Forces Self-Help

Annotations:

  • No other body can ensure security, so forced to ensure their own
2.1.1 Suspicion

Annotations:

  • Fear and insecurity = irresistible tendency towards competition and conflict  
2.2 Security Dilemma

Annotations:

  • Military build up by one state is inferred to be offensive (aggressive), leading to an arms race, growing hostility and the likelihood of war

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