Key Concepts - Unit 2.1 - Government and Politics

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Flashcards by , created about 6 years ago

Government and Politics Flashcards on Key Concepts - Unit 2.1 - Government and Politics, created by LittleLauren:) on 04/23/2013.

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Created by LittleLauren:) about 6 years ago
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Question Answer
Constitution 1.A body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed. 2.A written record of this.
Constitutionalism In its most general meaning, is "a complex of ideas, attitudes, and patterns of behavior elaborating the principle that the authority of government derives from and is limited by a body of fundamental law"
Federal Constitution A federal constitution is the legal document setting up a federation.
A federation A federation is where a group of states agree to join together in one political organisation or state, with the central or federal government having certain powers, and the original states retaining other powers.
Quasi Federalism When a state has the apperaence of being divided into jurisdictions but is in fact a unitary state which has no divided authority.
Unitary Constitution A Unitary Constitution is one which sets up one Central Government and all the powers are vested in it. The unit/provincial/State Governments acts as subordinates to the Central Government. Eg: Great Britain
Constitutional reform A constitutional reform is a formal change to the text of the written constitution of a nation or state. In some jurisdictions the text of the constitution itself is altered; in others the text is not changed, but the reform changes its effect.
Codification The collection and systematic arrangement, usually by subject, of the laws of a state or country, or the statutory provisions, rules, and regulations that govern a specific area or subject of law or practice.
Parliamentary sovereignty Parliamentary sovereignty is a principle of the UK constitution. It makes Parliament the supreme legal authority in the UK, which can create or end any law.
Parliamentary Reform An act framed to amend the system of parliamentary representation, especially any of those introduced in Britain during the 19th century.
Human Rights A right that is believed to belong justifiably to every person.
Devolution The transfer or delegation of power to a lower level, esp. by central government to local or regional administration. e.g welsh assembly or scottish parliament
Referendum A general vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision. The process of referring a political question to the electorate for this purpose.
Constitutional Government A constitutional government is any government whose authority and construction are defined by a constitution. The government need not be of a specific type, such as democratic, socialist, etc, but it does need to have parameters that are defined and relatively unchangeable.
Legal Sovereignty Legal sovereignty is defined as that person or body of persons that makes law and whose law is final and is recognized by courts and is enforced by the executive.