THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE LUTHERAN REFORMATION

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Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

AS level History (Hackett) (2.5 The growth of Lutheranism (1521-55)) Mind Map on THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE LUTHERAN REFORMATION, created by dolce-n-banana on 02/02/2014.

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dolce-n-banana
Created by dolce-n-banana over 5 years ago
NEW ORDERS (AQA pg 32)
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LUTHER'S IDEAS
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THE URSULINES 1535
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CONSEQUENCES OF THE LUTHERAN REFORMATION 2
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CONSEQUENCES OF THE LUTHERAN REFORMATION 3
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THE OUTCOME OF THE INDULGENCE CONTROVERSY & LUTHER'S PROTEST
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FACTORS LEADING TO (CATHOLIC) REFORMATION - The condition of the Catholic Church in the early C16th
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LUTHER'S PROTEST (1517-21)
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THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE LUTHERAN REFORMATION
1 THE KNIGHTS WAR (1522-3)
1.1 Knights wanted to politically change their status to how it was beforehand
1.2 Leaders; Hutten & Sickingen
1.2.1 Hutten; Skillful writings against the Pope & produced propoganda for Germans to join Lutheranism
1.2.2 Sickingen; experienced in minor wars & offered his services to protect Lutheranism
1.3 Attacked the city of Trier (1522) - owned by the Catholic Church (done in the name of the Lutheran reformation)
1.4 Failure
1.5 German princes attacked; hunted down & killed
1.6 Luther wanted nothing to do with it - he wanted a religious change
1.7 Printed images showed Luther fighting with Hutten against the Pope - presented false information to the public, who thought Luther wanted to oppose authority
2 PEASANT'S WAR 1524-5
2.1 part of a long serious outbreaks of violence including the Bundaschuh movement
2.2 Mainly peasants, but nobles & townspeople participated
2.3 bad harvests & famines (1500-24) - discontent was shown through protest
2.4 South & West of Germany - peasant freedom restricted (labour increase, can't seek food in a Lord's forest)
2.5 Rapid population increase - more division of land (in central Germany sometimes the land wasn't enough to feed a family)
2.6 Increase of taxes
2.7 Peasants had to pay tithes (tenth of their products a year) to support the Church
2.8 Began in south & rapidly moved to central Germany
2.9 Monasteries, convents, churches looted
2.10 No clear aims or leadership
2.10.1 Aims written down in the Twelve Articles of Memmingen - mixture of economic & religious factors possibly inspired by Luther
2.11 Philip of Hesse & Elector Fredrick crushed the rebels
2.12 LUTHER & THE PEASANTS' WAR
2.12.1 Blickle said that Luther greatly appealed to the rural populations
2.12.1.1 Lutheran preachers attracted large crowds - people would then report back in the town/city wherever they came from, thus the reformation would spread
2.12.1.2 Luther message was that the 'common man' was the ideal christian
2.12.1.3 Limited knowledge about whether the peasants actually understood Luther's views, especially, 'sole fide'
2.12.1.4 Cheap woodcuts show a negative view of the monks & popes - not a positive outlook of what Luther was trying to teach
2.12.1.5 Message seemed to be that now was the time for the poor to rise up & change the social order
2.12.2 Luther always sided with authority
2.12.2.1 BUT blamed them for not treating the common man fairly & for taxing them too much
2.12.3 Peasant's war of 1524-5 = Luther demanded swift action to end the rebellion
2.12.3.1 'Rebellion brings with it a land full of murders & bloodshed...It is just as one must kill a mad dog'
2.12.3.2 Turned peasants away from Luther but convinced the Princes that Luther was on their side

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