Borderline Personality Disorder

Colton Zadkovic
Mind Map by Colton Zadkovic, updated more than 1 year ago
Colton Zadkovic
Created by Colton Zadkovic almost 4 years ago



Resource summary

Borderline Personality Disorder
1 What It is
1.1 A pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts
2 What it Takes to Classify Someone With it
2.1 five (or more) of the following: (1) frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment. (2) a pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation (3) identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self (4) impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (5) recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, or threats, or self-mutilating behavior (6) affective instability due to a marked reactivity of mood (7) chronic feelings of emptiness (8) inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger (9) transient, stress-related paranoid ideation or severe dissociative symptoms
3 Causes
3.1 Environmental factors — such as a history of child abuse or neglect. Also, genetics may be a cause because studies of twins and families suggest that personality disorders may be inherited. Brain abnormalities may be a cause because research has shown changes in certain areas of the brain involved in emotion regulation, impulsivity and aggression.
4 Symptoms
4.1 Emotional instability, feelings of worthlessness, insecurity, impulsivity, and impaired social relationships.
5 Treatments
5.1 Treatments include talk therapy or, in some cases, medications. Hospitalization helps if symptoms are severe.
6 Cluster
6.1 Individuals with this Cluster B Personality Disorder behave impulsively and their relationships, self-image, and emotions are unstable.
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