Contingency Theories

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Social Psychology Mind Map on Contingency Theories, created by lynda_ashford_25 on 02/05/2014.

Created by lynda_ashford_25 over 5 years ago
Social Psychology As level
Gurdev Manchanda
Social Psychology
DD307 OU Social Psychology - Intergroup Processes: SIT
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Social Psychology - Piliavin, Rodin and Piliavin (1969)
Robyn Chamberlain
Psychology and the MCAT
Sarah Egan
Milgram (1963) Behavioural study of Obediance
Social Psychology - Basic Concepts
Contingency Theories
1 - theories of leadership that consider the leadership effectiveness of particular behaviours or behavioural styles to be contingent on the nature of the leadership situation
1.1 Fiedler's Contingency Theory
1.1.1 - distinguished between task-oriented leaders who are authoritarian and value group success and relationship-oriented leaders who are relaxed and friendly Least preferred co-worker scale (LPC) - scale for measuring leadership style in terms of favourability of attitude towards ones least preferred co-worker High LPC scores means that the respondent felt favourably inclined towards a fellow member (indicated a relationship oriented style Effective when situational control lies in the middle Low LPC scores means that the respondent was harsh on a poorly performing co-worker, indicating a task-oriented style Effective when situational control is high or low
1.2 Normative Decision Theory
1.2.1 - a contingency theory of leadership that focuses on the effectiveness of different leadership styles in group decision-making contexts Autocratic leader - subordinate input is not sought Consultative - subordinate input is sought, but the leader retains the authority to make the final decision Group decision making leaders - leader and subordinates are equal partners in a truly shared decision making process
1.3 Path Goal Theory
1.3.1 - a contingency theory of leadership that can also be classified as a transactional theory. It focuses on how structuring and consideration behaviours motivate followers Rests on the assumption that a leader's main function is to motivate followers by clarifying the paths that will help them reach their goals

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