Contingency Theories

lynda_ashford_25
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Social Psychology Mind Map on Contingency Theories, created by lynda_ashford_25 on 02/05/2014.

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lynda_ashford_25
Created by lynda_ashford_25 over 5 years ago
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Contingency Theories
1 - theories of leadership that consider the leadership effectiveness of particular behaviours or behavioural styles to be contingent on the nature of the leadership situation
1.1 Fiedler's Contingency Theory
1.1.1 - distinguished between task-oriented leaders who are authoritarian and value group success and relationship-oriented leaders who are relaxed and friendly
1.1.1.1 Least preferred co-worker scale (LPC) - scale for measuring leadership style in terms of favourability of attitude towards ones least preferred co-worker
1.1.1.1.1 High LPC scores means that the respondent felt favourably inclined towards a fellow member (indicated a relationship oriented style
1.1.1.1.1.1 Effective when situational control lies in the middle
1.1.1.1.2 Low LPC scores means that the respondent was harsh on a poorly performing co-worker, indicating a task-oriented style
1.1.1.1.2.1 Effective when situational control is high or low
1.2 Normative Decision Theory
1.2.1 - a contingency theory of leadership that focuses on the effectiveness of different leadership styles in group decision-making contexts
1.2.1.1 Autocratic leader - subordinate input is not sought
1.2.1.2 Consultative - subordinate input is sought, but the leader retains the authority to make the final decision
1.2.1.3 Group decision making leaders - leader and subordinates are equal partners in a truly shared decision making process
1.3 Path Goal Theory
1.3.1 - a contingency theory of leadership that can also be classified as a transactional theory. It focuses on how structuring and consideration behaviours motivate followers
1.3.1.1 Rests on the assumption that a leader's main function is to motivate followers by clarifying the paths that will help them reach their goals

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