Chapters 12-17

beckyboo729
Mind Map by beckyboo729, updated more than 1 year ago
beckyboo729
Created by beckyboo729 over 5 years ago
6
0

Description

Chapters 12-17

Resource summary

Chapters 12-17
  1. Industrial Revolution
    1. period of rapid growth in manufacturing and production
      1. inventions
        1. Richard Arkwright
          1. water frame
          2. Eli Whitney
            1. idea of interchangable parts
              1. cotton gin
              2. Samuel Morse
                1. telegraph (1832)
                2. John Deere
                  1. steel plow (1832)
                  2. Cyrus McCormick
                    1. mechanical reaper (1831)
                  3. Samuel Slater
                    1. British mechanic that fled to US
                      1. Rhode Island System
                        1. trapped families into companies
                      2. textile industry
                        1. August 9, 1807
                          1. first steamboat sailed Hudson River
                        2. Chapter 12: the North
                          1. Chapter 13: The South
                            1. COTTON is main production
                              1. cotton belt
                                1. "cotton is king"
                                  1. depleted soil of nutrients
                                    1. new interest in agricultual science
                                  2. agricultural economy
                                    1. Southern Society -->
                                    2. Chapter 15: Slavery
                                      1. popular sovereignity (PS): the people decide
                                        1. Wilmot Proviso: NO slavery
                                          1. Compromise of 1850
                                            1. California = a free state
                                              1. Mexican territory = decided by PS
                                                1. slave trade ends in DC
                                                  1. TX gives up land east of Rio Grande - US pays war debts
                                                    1. new Fugitive Slave Law is passed
                                                    2. Uncle Tom's Cabin
                                                      1. written in 1852 by Harriet Beecher Stowe
                                                      2. Kansas - Nebraska Act of 1854
                                                        1. bc Stephen Douglas wanted railroad to the West
                                                          1. allowed ppl of the 2 territories to decided themselves on slavery
                                                            1. both movements rushed in and set up governments
                                                              1. TENSION --> John Brown (anti-slavery) killed 5 pro-slavery men @ Pottawatome
                                                            2. Nation Divided
                                                              1. Harper's Ferry
                                                                1. October 16, 1859 - John Brown raided federal arsenal in VA
                                                                2. Secession
                                                                  1. SC, MISS, FL, AL, GA, LA, TX formed the CSA
                                                                    1. Jefferson Davis elected as president
                                                              2. Chapter 16: 1861
                                                                1. April 12, 1861 - Civil War begins with attack on Ft Sumter
                                                                  1. July 21, 1861 - First Battle of Bull Run, VA
                                                                    1. disorganized
                                                                      1. Gen. Jackson gets name "Stonewall Jackson"
                                                                      2. CSA fighting for economic, social, and political systems
                                                                        1. Meeting of the Ironclads in 1862 - end of wooden ships
                                                                          1. USS Monitor vs CSA Merrimac
                                                                            1. innovation of technology
                                                                            2. April 1862
                                                                              1. Battle of Shiloh, TN
                                                                                1. beginning of US Grant
                                                                                2. Capture of New Orleans by USA
                                                                                  1. shows USA naval supremacy
                                                                                3. August 1862
                                                                                  1. 2nd Battle of Bull Run
                                                                                    1. CSA victory
                                                                                  2. September 17, 1862
                                                                                    1. Antietam, Md
                                                                                      1. USA: Lee CSA: McClellan Burnside
                                                                                      2. bloodiest one day battle of the war: USA WIN
                                                                                        1. 1st battle
                                                                                          1. fought through woods: 4 hrs
                                                                                          2. 2nd battle
                                                                                            1. fight over "Bloody Lane": Burnsides Bridge
                                                                                            2. 3rd battle
                                                                                              1. CSA gets inforcements from Gen. Hill: pushes North back over bridge
                                                                                          3. 1861-1862
                                                                                            1. 1863
                                                                                              1. Jan. 1, 1863
                                                                                                1. Lincoln passes Emancipation Procclaimation
                                                                                                2. May - Battle of Chancelloriville, VA
                                                                                                  1. greatest victory but biggest lost for Lee (Pyrrhic Victory)
                                                                                                    1. STONEWALL JACKSON DIES
                                                                                                3. July 1-3, 1863: Battle of Gettysberg

                                                                                                  Annotations:

                                                                                                  • only civillian killed = Jenny Wade (by stray bullet)
                                                                                                  1. USA: Meade CSA: Lee
                                                                                                    1. Lee's 2nd attempt to invade the North
                                                                                                      1. July 1
                                                                                                        1. meet up, set lines
                                                                                                        2. July 2
                                                                                                          1. Devil's Den attack
                                                                                                          2. July 3
                                                                                                            1. CSA Gen. Pickett tries to break Union line
                                                                                                              1. FAIL
                                                                                                                1. 1. First Union Victory 2. Lee gives up invading North
                                                                                                        3. July 4, 1863 - Battle of Vicks- burg

                                                                                                          Annotations:

                                                                                                          • split CSA in TWO
                                                                                                        4. Chapter 17: 1864
                                                                                                          1. 1864
                                                                                                            1. March 1864 - Grant takes control of USA army
                                                                                                              1. TOTAL WAR: complete destruction by physical, emotional, economical
                                                                                                              2. November 1864 - Lincoln re-elected
                                                                                                                1. November 15, 1864 - Sherman's March to Sea
                                                                                                                  1. 250 miles
                                                                                                                    1. tore up railroads, looted and pillaged, lived off farms, 60 mile wide damage
                                                                                                                      1. Sherman's hairpins
                                                                                                                        1. billions of $ of damange
                                                                                                                      2. 1865
                                                                                                                        1. April 1865
                                                                                                                          1. Union occupies Richmond, VA
                                                                                                                          2. April 9, 1865 - Surrender of Gen. Lee at Appomatlax
                                                                                                                            1. Terms of Surrender
                                                                                                                              1. rebels surrender weapons + supplies
                                                                                                                                1. rebels can keep personal items
                                                                                                                                  1. rebels GIVE UP and GO HOME
                                                                                                                                2. April 1865 - Lincoln killed
                                                                                                                                  1. Reconstruction: process of uniting CSA + USA
                                                                                                                                    1. Lincoln's 10% Plan: swear on oath, slavery is illegal
                                                                                                                                      1. Andrew Jackson: 10% plan, Presidential Pardon
                                                                                                                                      2. 13 Amendment: slavery = illegal
                                                                                                                                        1. 14 Amendment: defines citizens, due process, equal protection
                                                                                                                                          1. 15 Amendment: black MEN to vote
                                                                                                                                        2. Freedman's Bureau: education/jobs
                                                                                                                                          1. Black Codes: work contracts
                                                                                                                                            1. Jim Crow Laws
                                                                                                                                              1. Ku Klux Klan
                                                                                                                                      Show full summary Hide full summary

                                                                                                                                      Similar

                                                                                                                                      American Independence | Vocabulary Words
                                                                                                                                      Selam H
                                                                                                                                      7th Grade Global History Pre-Assessment
                                                                                                                                      Selam H
                                                                                                                                      Creating the Constitution
                                                                                                                                      Selam H
                                                                                                                                      Indentured Servants Vs. Slaves
                                                                                                                                      Selam H
                                                                                                                                      The Constitution and Bill of Rights
                                                                                                                                      Niat Habtemariam
                                                                                                                                      Crusades, Trade, & the Plague
                                                                                                                                      Selam H
                                                                                                                                      Native American Tribes & Cultures
                                                                                                                                      Selam H
                                                                                                                                      US History Unit Exam
                                                                                                                                      Erica Maul
                                                                                                                                      Semester One AP United States History
                                                                                                                                      Megan Lynn
                                                                                                                                      Colonizing North America
                                                                                                                                      Selam H
                                                                                                                                      Social Studies Flashcards
                                                                                                                                      aurora.spates