Nuclear Physics

Mind Map by alex.examtime9373, updated 11 months ago
Created by alex.examtime9373 about 6 years ago


This mind map provides an overview to the structure and function of the components of the nucleus. It covers Rutherford's gold foil experiment, emission line spectra, isotopes, radioactivity, nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.

Resource summary

Nuclear Physics
1 Atomic structure
1.1 Rutherford's Gold Foil Experiment
1.2 Bohr model
2 Nuclear structure
2.1 Protons
2.2 Neutrons
2.3 Atomic number = no. of protons
2.4 Mass number = no. of protons & electrons
2.5 Isotopes
2.5.1 Atoms of the same atomic number but different mass number
3 Radioactivity
3.1 nucleus of an unstable atom loses energy by emitting particles of ionizing radiation
3.2 Radiation
3.2.1 Emission of particles of matter or photons of energy
3.2.2 Types Alpha Beta Gamma
3.3 Radioisotopes
3.3.1 Unstable isotope of an element that decays spontaneously, emitting radiation
3.3.2 Uses Medical imaging & therapy Agriculture Smoke detectors
3.4 Detection of nuclear radiation
3.4.1 Geiger Muller tube
3.4.2 Solid state detector
4 Nuclear Energy
4.1 Einstein's Mass-Energy equivalence equation
4.1.1 E = mc²
4.2 Fission
4.2.1 A large nucleus splits into smaller parts
4.2.2 The basis of nuclear reactors
4.3 Fusion
4.3.1 Combining two small nuclei to form a larger nucleus
4.3.2 The source of the sun's energy
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