Nazi Youth Groups

Ciara Comerford
Mind Map by Ciara Comerford, updated more than 1 year ago
Ciara Comerford
Created by Ciara Comerford over 6 years ago
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Mind map / Brainstorm on role of youth groups from 1933-45
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Resource summary

Nazi Youth Groups
1 Family life
1.1 Children encouraged to report parents to Gestapo
1.1.1 Parents scared
1.1.1.1 Don't speak out against Nazi Party
1.1.1.2 breaks up family
1.1.2 Germany and Nazism comes first
1.1.2.1 Parents unhappy but also scared
1.2 Kid joins Hitler Youth but parents can't afford uniform
1.2.1 Hitler Youth provides him with one
1.2.1.1 Parents and kid happy
1.2.1.1.1 Feel like they owe something to Nazi Party
1.3 Children don't want Jewish doctors etc.
1.3.1 Parents reduce association with Jews
1.3.1.1 Social isolation achieved
2 Girls
2.1 Jung Mädel - Young Girls
2.1.1 Girls aged 10-14
2.1.2 "Every 10 year old to us"
2.1.2.1 wanted everyone
2.1.2.1.1 weren't leaving anything to chance
2.1.2.1.2 controlling
2.1.2.1.3 totalitarian government
2.2 Bund Deutscher Mädel - League of German Maidens
2.2.1 Girls aged 14-18
2.2.2 introduced girl to ideas of marriage etc.
2.3 Girls kept totally separate from boys
2.3.1 Girls introduced to the fact that they are lesser than boys
2.4 Activities
2.4.1 physical fitness
2.4.1.1 Girls had to...
2.4.1.1.1 Run 60m in 14 secs
2.4.1.1.2 Throw a ball 12m
2.4.1.1.3 do somersaults
2.4.1.1.4 complete a tightrope walk
2.4.1.1.5 complete a 2hr march
2.4.1.1.6 swim 100m
2.4.1.2 so they were healthy to bear children
2.4.2 Indoctrination
2.4.2.1 Forced to learn about Nazi Germany etc.
2.4.2.1.1 Created firm believers in Nazi ideals
2.4.2.2 Children's minds easily manipulated
2.4.3 cooking
2.4.4 making a bed
2.4.5 home activities
2.4.5.1 domesticating them
2.4.5.1.1 preparing them for later life
2.5 Had to...
2.5.1 Attend camps
2.5.2 Learn about the Nazi leaders
2.5.3 memorise...
2.5.3.1 details of the Treaty of Versailles
2.5.3.2 German customs...
2.5.3.2.1 ...and stories
2.5.4 created firm believers and loyal citizens
2.6 less important
3 Boys
3.1 Deutsches Jungvolk - Young German Folk
3.1.1 Boys aged 10-14
3.2 Hitler Jugend - Hitler Youth
3.2.1 Boys aged 14-18
3.2.2 Camps
3.2.2.1 military exercises
3.2.2.1.1 threw hand grenades
3.2.2.1.2 read semaphore
3.2.2.1.3 shot a pistol
3.2.2.2 wrote letters home
3.2.2.2.1 monitored (read) by leaders
3.2.3 Propaganda
3.2.3.1 Radio - Hitler Youth Educational Hour
3.2.3.1.1 teaches about German war heroes
3.2.3.2 Fairy Stories
3.2.3.2.1 Cinderella
3.2.3.2.1.1 racially pure prince & princess, unpure stepsiters
3.2.3.3 watched videos and movies
3.2.3.3.1 Hitlerjunge Quex
3.2.3.3.1.1 Hitler Youth boy murdered by Communists
3.2.3.3.2 Eternal Jew
3.2.3.4 Books
3.2.3.4.1 Mein Kampf
3.2.3.4.1.1 tests and discussion
3.2.3.5 1936
3.2.3.5.1 Year of the German Young People
3.2.3.5.1.1 Hitler's 47th Birthday - should get friends to join as a present
3.2.3.5.2 Olympic Games
3.2.3.5.2.1 showed superiority - won male and female javelin
3.3 more important
3.4 Had to pass a test
3.4.1 run 60m in 12 secs
3.4.2 jump 2.75m
3.4.3 complete a cross country march of 1.5 days
3.4.4 close combat
3.4.5 throw a ball 25m
3.4.6 questions on the history of the Nazi Party
3.4.6.1 turning them into loyal citizens
3.4.7 courage test
3.4.7.1 jump from a window of a first-floor block of flats
3.4.7.1.1 in full battle dress
3.4.7.1.1.1 very nationalistic spirit
3.4.8 makes them feel elite
4 War effort
4.1 1940
4.1.1 much more involved
4.1.1.1 active in the fire brigade
4.1.1.2 assisted with recovery efforts
4.1.1.2.1 in German cities
4.1.1.2.1.1 affected by Allied bombing
4.2 1943
4.2.1 military reserve
4.2.1.1 replace heavy losses
4.2.1.1.1 on Russian Front
4.2.1.2 boys as young as 12
4.3 1939
4.3.1 deliver monthly ration cards
4.3.2 painted curbs at street corners white
4.3.2.1 help people cross the street in a blackout
4.3.3 collect scrap metal, bottles and paper from houses
4.3.3.1 for weapons etc.
5 Laws
5.1 1933
5.1.1 encouraged to join Hitler Youth
5.1.2 most other youth organisations shut down
5.2 1936
5.2.1 Hitler Youth Law
5.2.1.1 almost impossible not to join Hitler Youth organisations
5.3 1920s
5.3.1 Hitler Youth formed
5.4 1939
5.4.1 Second Hitler Youth Law
5.4.1.1 membership of Hitler Youth made compulsory
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