Daily Hassles and Uplifts (HSUP)


A Levels Psychology (Unit 2 - Stress) Mind Map on Daily Hassles and Uplifts (HSUP), created by danny-hudson97 on 03/06/2014.
Mind Map by danny-hudson97, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by danny-hudson97 about 9 years ago

Resource summary

Daily Hassles and Uplifts (HSUP)
  1. These are everyday feeling of being stressed which can be attributed more to minor, irritating problems than to the rarer major life events.
    1. Examples
      1. Hassles
        1. Rising price of goods
          1. Too many things to do
            1. Misplacing or losing things
            2. Uplifts
              1. Completing a task
                1. Feeling healthy
                  1. Getting sufficient sleep
                2. De Longis et al (1982)
                  1. Procedure
                    1. 100 participants (all over 45) were asked to complete four questionnaires each
                      1. HSUP
                        1. 1. Hassles scale (117 items) 2. Uplifts scale (135 items) 3. Life events questionnaire 4. Health questionnaire.
                    2. Findings
                      1. Hassles correlated with ill- health whereas uplifts and life events did not.
                    3. Bouteyre et al (2007)
                      1. Procedure
                        1. He got first year French University students to complete two questionnaires, one measuring life events, the other symptoms of depression (Beck’s Inventory).
                        2. Findings
                          1. It was found that students showing the most depressive symptoms were also likely to be suffering from the most hassles.
                          2. Evaluation
                            1. This is a correlational study so cause and effect cannot be established. Of course it could be that feeling depressed and having negative thoughts makes us focus more on negative events such as hassles.
                            2. Method
                              1. Investigated the relationship between hassles and metal health of students through the initial transition from school to uni
                            3. Most studies do seem to agree that hassles are a bigger threat to our health than the much bigger life events.
                              1. Possible reasons for hassles being a bigger issue than life events:
                                1. Social and emotional support
                                  1. It seems likely that people going through major life events will be more likely to seek help and support than people merely suffering from hassles. It could therefore be that hassles are a greater issue because we try and work through them on our own.
                                  2. Accumulation effect
                                    1. Lazarus (1999)
                                      1. Suggests that hassles tend to build up and act as a source of persistent irritation which can then lead to anxiety and even depression.
                                    2. Amplification effect
                                      1. It could be that big events make us more susceptible to the effects of trivial hassles so the two work hand in hand to create stress. Having suffered a major event we are left feeling more vulnerable to hassles and problems multiply. Perhaps life events alter our perception of our ability to cope.
                                    3. Evaluation Of Daily Hassles
                                      1. As with life events, individual differences are not considered. We all perceive and react to stress differently, some people seemingly being able to cope better than others, and again these are not considered.
                                        1. Cause and effect. Yet again the studies are correlational so do not prove that the stress is causing the illnesses.
                                          1. Retrospective: much of the research ask participants to think back over the hassles that they’ve faced in the past month.
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